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Flavonoids, with various biological activities, are considered as key compounds in propolis. In this study, quantitative determinations of flavonoids in propolis were conducted by two complementary colorimetric methods, aluminum chloride method and 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine method. Results suggested that the sum of flavonoid contents determined by the(More)
Seven new prieurianin-type limonoids, aphapolynins C-I (1-7), and a new aphanamolide-type limonoid, aphanamolide B (8), along with seventeen known compounds, were isolated from the fruits of Aphanamixis polystachya. The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic studies. The absolute configurations were determined by(More)
For children with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), multidrug resistance (MDR) reduces treatment effectiveness, and often leads to poor patient survival. While a number of factors have been described that affect MDR, the mechanisms underlying this effect remain unclear. In this study, the role of WAVE1 in MDR was investigated. Among 62 children with AML,(More)
The lipids of fresh egg yolk, boiled yolk, yolk powder, and raw animal tissues including pork loin, belly pork, and pork fat were extracted with the mixed solvents composed of ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and ethyl alcohol (EtOH) at 2:1 and 1:1 volume ratios, and the results were compared with those obtained with Folch reagent, that is, a mixture of chloroform and(More)
Eleven new protolimonoids, chisopanins A-K (1-11), were isolated from the twigs of Chisocheton paniculatus, as well as thirteen known (12-24) protolimonoids. The structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, X-ray crystallographic analysis, and chemical methods. Chisopanins A and B (1 and 2) possessing uncommon hemiketal tetrahydropyran(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the relationship between human cyclin C (CCNC) gene and childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). METHODS The total RNA isolated from myeloid tissues of normal children and of children with newly diagnosed ALL and from ALL cell line 6T-CEM was reversely transcribed into cDNA. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR method was used(More)
Melicolones A (1) and B (2), a pair of rearranged prenylated acetophenone epimers with an unusual 9-oxatricyclo[3.2.1.1(3,8)]nonane core, were isolated from the leaves of Melicope ptelefolia. Further chiral high-performance liquid chromatography resolution gave enantiomers (+)- and (-)-1, as well as (+)- and (-)-2, respectively. The structures and absolute(More)
Ten new polyprenylated tetraoxygenated xanthones, monogxanthones A-J (1-10), together with eight known analogues (4b, 11-17) were identified from the roots of Hypericum monogynum. The structures of these new polyprenylated xanthones (1-10), a class of compounds rarely found in plants of the genus Hypericum, were elucidated by the interpretation of their(More)
Experimentation with a physiomimic system and kinetic analysis exhibited four distinct reaction phases in LDL glycation despite of the type of inducer: glucose or glyoxal. LDL glycation was more sensitive to a status of hyperglycemia (such as 400 mg glucose/100 mL) as evidenced by the reaction order of 0.53. Glucose reacted intensively in the Initial Phase(More)
BACKGROUND Rho kinases (ROCKs) mediate cell contraction, local adhesion, and cell motility, which are considered to be important in cell differentiation. We postulated that ROCKs are involved in controlling embryonic stem (ES) cell renewal and differentiation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS CCE, a murine ES cell, was treated with Y-27632 for 48 to 96(More)