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Efficient routing among a set of mobile hosts (also called nodes) is one of the most important functions in ad hoc wireless networks. Routing based on a connected dominating set is a promising approach, where the searching space for a route is reduced to nodes in the set. A set is dominating if all the nodes in the system are either in the set or neighbors(More)
Visual experience scales down excitatory synapses in the superficial layers of visual cortex in a process that provides an in vivo paradigm of homeostatic synaptic scaling. Experience-induced increases in neural activity rapidly upregulates mRNAs of immediate early genes involved in synaptic plasticity, one of which is Arc (activity-regulated cytoskeleton(More)
Stimulation of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) has been shown to have an excitatory influence on dopamine (DA) neurons. We report here that, under nonstimulated conditions, the activity of DA neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) also covaries, on a subsecond timescale, with the activity of PFC cells. Thus, in 67% of VTA DA neurons recorded in chloral(More)
Cannabinoid CB2 receptors (CB2Rs) have been recently reported to modulate brain dopamine (DA)-related behaviors; however, the cellular mechanisms underlying these actions are unclear. Here we report that CB2Rs are expressed in ventral tegmental area (VTA) DA neurons and functionally modulate DA neuronal excitability and DA-related behavior. In situ(More)
Systemic exposure to nicotine induces glutamatergic synaptic plasticity on dopamine (DA) neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), but mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we report that single, systemic exposure in rats to nicotine (0.17 mg/kg free base) increases the ratio of DA neuronal currents mediated by AMPA relative to NMDA receptors (AMPA/NMDA(More)
Ternary content-addressable memories (TCAMs) have gained wide acceptance in the industry for storing and searching patterns in routers. But two important problems block the way to deploy TCAMs as deep package matching engines for network intrusion detection systems (NIDS): long patterns matching and range patterns matching. A novel high speed long patterns(More)
Recently, data mining over uncertain data streams has attracted a lot of attentions because of the widely existed imprecise data generated from a variety of streaming applications. In this paper, we try to resolve the problem of clustering over uncertain data streams. Facing uncertain tuples with different probability distributions, the clustering algorithm(More)
BACKGROUND  This study examined the effect of microRNA-125b (miR-125b) on sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction. METHODS  Mouse hearts were transfected with lentivirus expressing miR-125b (LmiR-125b) 7 days before cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis. Cardiac function was examined by echocardiography before and 6 hours after CLP (n = 6/group).(More)
Papillary thyroid cancers often occur as microcarcinoma. Some papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) have been considered to be high aggressive according to advanced disease stages, extrathyroidal extension, and severe cervical lymph node metastasis. Although several factors are thought to predict the occurrence of aggressiveness from PTMCs, the origin of(More)
This review was to assess the overall diagnostic accuracy of thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) classification in the differentiated diagnosis of patients with thyroid nodules. The diagnostic accuracy of TI-RADS was identified by using data from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and other databases, which was from Jan 1966 to Dec 2013.(More)