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APOE4 is the greatest risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD) and synergistic effects with amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) suggest interactions among apoE isoforms and different forms of Aβ accumulation. However, it remains unclear how the APOE genotype affects plaque morphology, intraneuronal Aβ, soluble Aβ42, and oligomeric Aβ (oAβ), particularly in vivo. As the(More)
The pathologic hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD) is the accumulation of alpha-synuclein (αsyn) in susceptible neurons in the form of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. The etiology of PD remains unclear. Because brain injury has been suggested to facilitate αsyn aggregation, we investigated whether cellular breakdown products from damaged cells can act on(More)
12-O-Tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) is a plant derivative with multiple function as tumor promoter, differentiation revulsant or leukemia therapy drug. The molecular mechanism of its function is perplexing. Many studies have focused on the mechanism of TPA stimulation in tumor promotion of mouse models or terminal differentiation of leukemia cells,(More)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignancy with high incidence in Southern China and South-East Asia. Etiology studies indicate that chemical carcinogen promoters, such as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), are important factors causing NPC development. However, the mechanism of the TPA effect on NPC remains unclear. In the present study, cells(More)
The transmembrane microneme protein MIC6 and its partner MIC1, MIC4 comprise an adhesive complex that play important roles in host cell attachment by the obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Successful penetration of host cells by T. gondii depends on coordinated interactions between MICs complex and the parasite's cytoskeleton. We have(More)
The interaction between dengue virus (DENV) and vector mosquitoes are still poorly understood at present. In this study, 2-D DIGE combined with MS was used to analyze the differential proteomes of Aedes albopictus salivary gland, midgut and C6/36 cells induced by DENV-2. Our results indicated that the virus infection regulated several functional classes of(More)
Laccase (EC is a member of multicopper oxidases that have been found in higher plants, fungus, bacterium, and insects. Two types of laccase genes have been detected in many species of insects: laccase1 and laccase2. It has been identified that laccase2 enzyme may play a key role in sclerotization and pigmentation of insect cuticle. But few(More)
Neuronal inclusions of α-synuclein (α-syn), termed Lewy bodies, are a hallmark of Parkinson disease (PD). Increased α-syn levels can occur in brains of aging human and neurotoxin-treated mice. Because previous studies have shown increased brain lactate levels in aging brains, in PD affected subjects when compared with age-matched controls, and in mice(More)
Accumulation of filamentous α-synuclein as Lewy bodies is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease. To identify the mechanisms involved in α-synuclein assembly and determine whether the assemblies are cytotoxic, we developed a cell model (3D5) that inducibly expresses wild-type human α-synuclein and forms inclusions that reproduce many morphological and(More)