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APOE4 is the greatest risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD) and synergistic effects with amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) suggest interactions among apoE isoforms and different forms of Aβ accumulation. However, it remains unclear how the APOE genotype affects plaque morphology, intraneuronal Aβ, soluble Aβ42, and oligomeric Aβ (oAβ), particularly in vivo. As the(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulation of filamentous α-synuclein as Lewy bodies is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease. To identify the mechanisms involved in α-synuclein assembly and determine whether the assemblies are cytotoxic, we developed a cell model (3D5) that inducibly expresses wild-type human α-synuclein and forms inclusions that reproduce many morphological and(More)
Dengue virus serotype 2 (DENV-2) RNA replication profiles and tropisms were studied by using quantitative RT-PCR (q-RTPCR) in intrathoracically infected Aedes albopictus. The virus RNA replication profiles were diverse in mosquito organs. In fat body, brain, salivary gland, and malpighian tubes, it peaked at 8, 23, 23, and 27 days post-infection,(More)
Neuronal inclusions of α-synuclein (α-syn), termed Lewy bodies, are a hallmark of Parkinson disease (PD). Increased α-syn levels can occur in brains of aging human and neurotoxin-treated mice. Because previous studies have shown increased brain lactate levels in aging brains, in PD affected subjects when compared with age-matched controls, and in mice(More)
Laccase (EC 1.10.3.2) is a member of multicopper oxidases that have been found in higher plants, fungus, bacterium, and insects. Two types of laccase genes have been detected in many species of insects: laccase1 and laccase2. It has been identified that laccase2 enzyme may play a key role in sclerotization and pigmentation of insect cuticle. But few(More)
The transmembrane microneme protein MIC6 and its partner MIC1, MIC4 comprise an adhesive complex that play important roles in host cell attachment by the obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Successful penetration of host cells by T. gondii depends on coordinated interactions between MICs complex and the parasite's cytoskeleton. We have(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe the pathological change in the brain of Angiostrongylus cantonensis-infected mouse. METHODS Forty-eight mice were orally infected each with 40 third stage larvae of A. cantonensis, 3 mice were sacrificed at 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28 days postinfection respectively for worm recovery, and another 3 mice were for observing the(More)
Abnormal accumulation of filamentous α-synuclein (α-syn) in neurons, regarded as Lewy bodies (LBs), are a hallmark of Parkinson disease (PD). Although the exact mechanism(s) underlying LBs formation remains unknown, autophagy and ER stress response have emerged as two important pathways affecting α-syn aggregation. In present study we tested whether cells(More)
12-O-Tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) is a plant derivative with multiple function as tumor promoter, differentiation revulsant or leukemia therapy drug. The molecular mechanism of its function is perplexing. Many studies have focused on the mechanism of TPA stimulation in tumor promotion of mouse models or terminal differentiation of leukemia cells,(More)
Cell-to-cell transmission of α-synuclein (αS) aggregates has been proposed to be responsible for progressive αS pathology in Parkinson disease (PD) and related disorders, including dementia with Lewy bodies. In support of this concept, a growing body of in vitro and in vivo experimental evidence shows that exogenously introduced αS aggregates can spread(More)