Ming Cui Gong

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The ovulatory process is activated by a surge of LH, a pituitary gonadotropin, which initiates a cohort of dramatic changes in biochemical, physical, and gene expression in the ovary, leading to follicle rupture and oocyte release. Here we report the identification of endothelin-2 (EDN2) as a last moment-trigger of follicle rupture. In the ovary, EDN2 is(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormalities in vascular constriction and dilatation are associated with early diabetes and contribute to diabetic vascular complications. However, mechanisms underlying such vascular dysfunction remain to be fully elucidated. The current study tests the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in diabetic vascular smooth muscle dysfunction. METHODS(More)
Phosphatase inhibitors microcystin-LR, tautomycin, and okadaic acid caused contraction and increased 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC20) phosphorylation in Ca(2+)-free solutions in both phasic and tonic smooth muscle permeabilized with beta-escin, and inhibited the heavy meromyosin (HMM) phosphatase activity of smooth muscle homogenates with the same potency(More)
The effects of the Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y-27632 [1] on Ca2+-sensitization of force induced by arachidonic acid (AA), phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu), GTPgammaS, and by the stable thromboxane analog, 9,11-dideoxy-9alpha,11alpha-methanoepoxy-PGF2alpha (U-46619), were determined in alpha-toxin-permeabilized smooth muscles. Y-27632 relaxed (up to 99%)(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA) increased, at constant Ca2+, the levels of force and 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC20) phosphorylation in permeabilized smooth muscle, and slowed relaxation and MLC20 dephosphorylation. The Ca(2+)-sensitizing effect of AA was not inhibited by inhibitors of AA metabolism (indomethacin, nordihydroguaiaretic acid, or propyl gallate), of(More)
Protein kinase C-potentiated phosphatase inhibitor of 17 kDa (CPI-17) mediates some agonist-induced smooth muscle contraction by suppressing the myosin phosphatase in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. The physiologically relevant kinases that phosphorylate CPI-17 remain to be identified. Several previous studies have shown that some agonist-induced CPI-17(More)
Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death in the United States. Two factors associated with a decreased risk of developing cardiovascular disease are elevated HDL levels and sex - specifically, a decreased risk is found in premenopausal women. HDL and estrogen stimulate eNOS and the production of nitric oxide, which has numerous protective(More)
Adipose tissue expresses components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE2), a new component of the RAS, catabolizes the vasoconstrictor peptide ANG II to form the vasodilator angiotensin 1-7 [ANG-(1-7)]. We examined whether adipocytes express ACE2 and its regulation by manipulation of the RAS and by high-fat (HF)(More)
Proper function of the oviduct is critical to reproductive success with regulated contraction and relaxation facilitating transportation of the germ cells to the site of fertilization. Endothelin-2 (EDN2) is a potent vasoconstrictor produced by granulosa cells of the preovulatory follicle at the time of ovulation; however, whether this gonadotropin(More)
We determined the relationship between the localization of rhoA and Ca2+ sensitization of force in smooth muscle. In alpha-toxin-permeabilized rabbit portal vein at pCa 6.5, the particulate hydrophobic fraction of rhoA (10 +/- 1.6% of the total) was significantly increased by phenylephrine to 18 +/- 5.5% at 5 min, by AlF4- to 26 +/- 8.4% at 20 min, and(More)