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Human breast cancers cells overexpressing HER2/neu are more aggressive tumors with poor prognosis, and resistance to chemotherapy. This study investigates antiproliferation effects of anthraquinone derivatives of rhubarb root on human breast cancer cells. Of 7 anthraquinone derivatives, only rhein showed antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on both(More)
Ganoderma tsugae (GT) is a traditional Chinese medicine that exhibits significant antitumor activities against many types of cancer. This study investigated the molecular mechanism by which GT suppresses the growth of doxorubicin-resistant lung adenocarcinoma H23/0.3 cells. Our results reveal that GT inhibits the viability of H23/0.3 cells in vitro and in(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a known adjuvant for treating ischemia-related inner ear diseases. Controversies still exist in the role of HBOT in cochlear diseases. Few studies to date have investigated the cellular changes that occur in inner ears after HBOT. Nitric oxide, which is synthesized by nitric oxide synthase (NOS), is an(More)
Aminoglycoside ototoxicity is a common cause of drug-induced hearing loss. Toxicity is dose related, but some patients may still develop hearing loss even under safe dosage. Apart for genetic idiosyncrasy, indirect evidences imply that ischemia may increase the aminoglycoside ototoxic sensitivity because common clinical situations associated with cochlear(More)
Ganoderma, also known as Lingzhi or Reishi, has been used for medicinal purposes in Asian countries for centuries. It is a medicinal fungus with a variety of biological properties including immunomodulatory and antitumor activities. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms by which Ganoderma tsugae (GT), one of the most common species of(More)
Perturbation of cochlear microcirculation, that is, ischemia is a major cause of hearing impairment. Earlier studies examined the short-term (≤7 days) effect of cochlear ischemia. This study characterized the long-term (4 weeks) functional and morphological changes in adult guinea pig cochleae subject to transient ischemia by clamping the labyrinthine(More)
Background. Purple sweet potato leaves (PSPL) are widely grown and are considered a healthy vegetable in Taiwan. PSPL contain a high content of flavonoids, and the boiling water-extracted PSPL (PSPLE) is believed to prevent metabolic syndrome. However, its efficacy has not yet been verified. Therefore, we investigated the effect of PSPLE on adipocytes.(More)
OBJECTIVE HER2, a receptor tyrosine kinase, was originally identified based on its role in cancer research. The protein has subsequently received attention for its role in nerve injury and neurodevelopment. We investigated the polymorphic association of HER2 variants at amino acid residues 655 and 1170 with Parkinson's disease (PD), a neurodegenerative(More)
Ipomoea batatas has long been used in folk medicine for the treatment of hyperglycemia or as a food additive for the prevention of type 2 diabetes. However, neither the plant extract nor its active components have been evaluated systematically. In this work four crude extracts, including n-hexane- (IBH), 95% MeOH- (IBM), n-BuOH- (IBB), and H₂O-soluble (IBW)(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to determine the genetic role of HER2, one of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family, in schwannoma. The latter is a neogrowth of myelin-producing Schwann cells in peripheral nerves, inducible by N-nitrosoethylurea in animals with mutation in the neu gene (homologous gene of human HER2 protein). METHODS In this study(More)