Ming-Ching Kao

Learn More
Apigenin is a low toxicity and non-mutagenic phytopolyphenol and protein kinase inhibitor. It exhibits anti-proliferating effects on human breast cancer cells. Here we examined several human breast cancer cell lines having different levels of HER2/neu expression and found that apigenin exhibited potent growth-inhibitory activity in HER2/neu-overexpressing(More)
Substantial activation of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met pathway leads to cancer cell scattering and invasion and has been observed in several types of cancers, including prostate and colorectal cancers. The phosphorylation cascade downstream of HGF, particularly PI3K/Akt signaling, regulates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). How this(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is known to downregulate HER2 oncoprotein (p185(HER2) or briefly p185) in prostate cancer cells. We demonstrate that the IFN-gamma-induced retinoid-inducible gene 1 (RIG1) acts as a transrepressor of p185. Furthermore, we exhibit that RIG1 downregulates the activated (phosphorylated) form of p185 and phosphoinositide-3 kinase(More)
Human breast cancers cells overexpressing HER2/neu are more aggressive tumors with poor prognosis, and resistance to chemotherapy. This study investigates antiproliferation effects of anthraquinone derivatives of rhubarb root on human breast cancer cells. Of 7 anthraquinone derivatives, only rhein showed antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on both(More)
Leptin, the adipocyte-secreted hormone that centrally regulates weight control, is known to function as an immunomodulatory regulator. We investigated the signaling pathway involved in IL-6 production caused by leptin in microglia. Microglia expressed the long (OBRl) and short (OBRs) isoforms of the leptin receptor. Leptin caused concentration- and(More)
Evidence has accumulated that berberine is able to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in many human cancer cell lines. However, there is no available information on the effects of berberine on human oral squamous cell carcinoma. In this study, the effects of berberine on cell growth, apoptosis and cell cycle regulation in human oral squamous carcinoma(More)
Gypenosides (Gyp), a component of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino, was selected for examining the effects on the cell viability, cell cycle and induction of apoptosis in human tongue cancer SCC-4 cells. Gyp induced cytotoxicity (decreased the percentage of viable cells) in SCC-4 cells appeared to be associated with induction of cell cycle arrest (G0/G1(More)
The interferon (IFN) antagonists of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) proteins contribute to the JE pathogenesis. Most flavivirus non-structural (NS) proteins correlate with virus-induced inflammation and immune escape. NS4A proteins of West Nile virus and dengue type 2 virus have been demonstrated to inhibit IFN signaling. In this study, JEV NS4A without(More)
The up-regulation of HER2/neu is associated with human malignancies and is a useful target for developing anticancer drugs. Overexpression of human manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) has been demonstrated to effectively suppress various carcinoma cells, including breast carcinomas, in vitro and in vivo. This study demonstrates that MnSOD effectively(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a tumor promoter, provokes cell proliferation, and inhibits cell death; but the mechanism involved in cell differentiation remains unknown. Herein, we examine whether it functions during macrophage-like differentiation. Previous studies reveal that ODC, a rate-limiting enzyme of polyamine biosynthesis, and polyamines are(More)