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We propose a force-directed approach for drawing graphs in a nearly symmetric fashion. Our algorithm is built upon recent theoretical results on maximum symmetric subgraphs. Knowing the sequence of edge contractions sufficient for turning an asymmetric graph into a symmetric subgraph, our approach in symmetric drawing begins by drawing a graph's maximum(More)
A transcutaneous oxygen sensor was used to detect the development of hypoxemia in patients undergoing fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Measurements of transcutaneous PO2 (tcPO2) correlated well with arterial PO2 (PaO2), and correctly detected all instances when PaO2 was less than 65 mm Hg. The sensor was noninvasive and caused no adverse effects.
Specific cell typing in lung cancer has important implications for assessment of prognosis and the planning of treatment. Cell typing is, however, often difficult and the problem has been compounded by the universal use of the flexible fibreoptic bronchoscope, which yields specimens only 2 mm in diameter. We have reviewed the records of 107 patients who had(More)
Expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigens is a requirement for accessory cell function in antigen presentation. Recent reports have demonstrated the presence of class II antigens on human bronchial epithelial cells. In the present study, immunohistochemical staining revealed HLA-DR on human airway epithelial cells obtained from(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the clinical impact of inappropriate empirical antibiotics on patient outcome and determine the risk factors for mortality in bacteremic adults who visited the emergency department (ED). METHODS Bacteremic adults visiting the ED from January 2007 to June 2008 were identified retrospectively. Demographic characteristics, clinical(More)
To determine whether occupational exposure to vinyl chloride gas and polyvinyl chloride dust is associated with changes in pulmonary function, spirometry and maximum expiratory flow-volume curves were obtained in 348 workers in a VC polymerization plant. The major finding was diminution in air flow in 200 workers (57.5 percent). This abnormality correlated(More)
A 46-year-old man with diabetes mellitus and cadaveric kidney transplant, maintained on a regimen of prednisone and azathioprine, developed a necrotizing pneumonia. The abscess cavity became secondarily infected with Rhizopus and was cured by surgical resection. Secondary invasion of an abscess cavity by Rhizopus and the successful surgical treatment of(More)
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) with the aid of endoscopic biopsies and brush cytology is recognized as a valuable approach in the diagnosis of lung cancer. However, histologic classification of lung cancer based on tiny specimens obtained from FOB can be difficult. Correct identification of small cell carcinoma of the lung is especially important because its(More)
Pulmonary function tests in 25 newly studied patients with Stage I and 19 with Stage II sarcoidosis revealed normal mean values in Stage I for all tests except DLCOSB. Mean values for VC, TLC, MMF, and exercise Pao, were abnormal in Stage II and significantly different from Stage I. There was a parallel difference in prevalence of impairment of these(More)
1) Twenty of 25 patients (80%) with sarcoidosis had positive lung biopsies obtained by flexible-bronchoscope biopsy. 2) Three of the 5 negative biopsies were in patients with chronic sarcoidosis whose chest radiograph was unchanged for 1 yr or more. 3) Two insignificant pneumothoraces occurred as a complication of the bronchoscopic biopsy procedures. 4)(More)