Ming-Chao Zhong

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The adaptors SAP, EAT-2 and ERT are specific to cells of the immune system and belong to the SAP family. All three are expressed in natural killer (NK) cells. Here we examined the global function of the SAP family using mice lacking SAP, EAT-2 and ERT. These adaptors acted together in a mechanism that was essential for the elimination of hematopoietic but(More)
The encephalitogenic potential of oligodendrocyte-specific protein (OSP) in mice, its specific localization in the intralamellar tight junctions in CNS myelin, and the detection of autoreactivity against OSP in multiple sclerosis (MS) strongly suggest the relevance of autoreactivity against OSP in the pathogenesis of MS. In this study, we have characterized(More)
Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule-associated protein (SAP) is an Src homology 2 domain-only adaptor involved in multiple immune cell functions. It has also been linked to immunodeficiencies and autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus. Here, we examined the role and mechanism of action of SAP in autoimmunity using a mouse model of(More)
The signaling lymphocytic activation molecule family of receptors has been implicated in the pathophysiology of autoimmunity in humans and mice. One member of the family, Ly108, was strongly linked to lupus susceptibility in mice. High expression of a Ly108 isoform, Ly108-1, was observed in lymphocytes of lupus-prone mice. Herein, we examined the molecular(More)
PTP-PEST (encoded by Ptpn12) is an intracellular protein tyrosine phosphatase belonging to the same family as LYP. LYP inhibits secondary T cell responses by suppressing Src family protein tyrosine kinases and is implicated in human autoimmunity. To determine the function of PTP-PEST in T cells, we generated mice with a conditionally deleted allele of(More)
The signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) and SLAM-associated protein (SAP) families have key roles in normal immunity. They have also been implicated in diseases such as immunodeficiencies and auto-immunity. However, recent findings raise issues requiring examination in future investigations of these molecules. First, Slam-related genes have(More)
The signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM)-associated protein (SAP) family of adapters includes SAP, Ewing's sarcoma-associated transcript-2 (EAT-2), and EAT-2-related transducer (ERT). These Src homology-2 (SH2) domain-only molecules play critical roles in immune regulation. The prototype of the SAP family, SAP, is mutated in X-linked(More)
To investigate the immunogenicity and encephalitogenicity of oligodendrocyte-specific protein (OSP), recombinant soluble mouse OSP (smOSP) was produced from a synthetic gene engineered to lack the sequences coding for the hydrophobic transmembrane domains of the native molecule. SmOSP was immunogenic and encephalitogenic for SJL/J, C3H.SW and C57BL/6J mice,(More)
SAP (also named SH2D1A) is an intracellular adaptor molecule expressed in T cells, natural killer (NK) cells, and some B cells. The SAP gene is mutated in X-linked lymphoproliferative (XLP) disease, a human immunodeficiency characterized by a faulty immune response to Epstein-Barr virus infection. Previous reports documented severe defects in antibody(More)
Systemic administration of antigen/peptide for peripheral T cell tolerance has long been investigated as a potential approach to therapy of autoimmune diseases. The multiple antimyelin T cell reactivities likely to be associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) impose major difficulties in devising such an immune-specific therapeutic approach to the disease,(More)