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The cerebellar Purkinje cell has been the focus of numerous studies involving the analysis of development and information processing in the nervous system. Purkinje cells represent less than 0.1% of the total cell content of the cerebellum. To facilitate studies of molecules that are expressed in such a small proportion of neurons, we have established(More)
We isolated three related cDNA clones from a mouse cerebellar library; the type I cDNA was identical to the gene encoding the apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase (AATYK), whose expression in myeloid precursor cells is increased during growth arrest or apoptosis. Low levels of AATYK mRNA expression were seen in adult mouse brains but not in embryos. In situ(More)
In dissociated cultures of cerebellar granule cells, extracellular high potassium (HK) and low potassium (LK) concentrations control cell survival and apoptosis, respectively. Apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase (AATYK) is up-regulated during the LK-induced apoptosis. Overexpression of wild-type AATYK, but not its kinase-deficient mutant, stimulates(More)
Osteoclasts are essential for bone dynamics and calcium homeostasis. Recently, we reported that serum calcium-decreasing factor, caldecrin, which is a secretory-type serine protease isolated from the pancreas, inhibits osteoclast differentiation by suppression of NFATc1 activity regardless of its own protease activity (Hasegawa, H., Kido, S., Tomomura, M.,(More)
Axonal outgrowth is a coordinated process of cytoskeletal dynamics and membrane trafficking; however, little is known about proteins responsible for regulating the membrane supply. LMTK1 (lemur kinase 1)/AATYK1 (apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase 1) is a serine/threonine kinase that is highly expressed in neurons. We recently reported that LMTK1 plays a(More)
Caldecrin/chymotrypsin C is a novel secretory-type serine protease that was originally isolated as a serum calcium-decreasing factor from the pancreas. Previously, we reported that caldecrin suppressed the bone-resorbing activity of rabbit mature osteoclasts (Tomomura, A., Yamada, H., Fujimoto, K., Inaba, A., and Katoh, S. (2001) FEBS Lett. 508, 454-458).(More)
BACKGROUND Several pharmacologically active substances have been isolated from orchid plants, but not from Odontoglossum Harvengtense 'Tutu'. Whether MeOH extract fractions from Odontoglossum Harvengtense 'Tutu' bulb exert biological activity was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS The MeOH extract was stepwise separated by organic solvents into n-hexane,(More)
Apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase (AATYK) is a protein kinase that is predominantly expressed in the nervous system and is involved in apoptosis and neurite growth of cerebellar granule cells. In this study, we cloned three new members of the mouse AATYK family, AATYK1B, AATYK2 and AATYK3. AATYK1B is a splicing variant of the previously reported AATYK1(More)
Apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase (AATYK) is a non-receptor type tyrosine kinase that is predominantly expressed in adult mouse brain. Although it is also expressed in developing brains, its expression pattern and physiological functions are unclear. In the present study, we analyzed expression profiles of AATYK in developing mouse brains and its(More)
Neurons extend two types of neurites-axons and dendrites-that differ in structure and function. Although it is well understood that the cytoskeleton plays a pivotal role in neurite differentiation and extension, the mechanisms by which membrane components are supplied to growing axons or dendrites is largely unknown. We previously reported that the membrane(More)