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Cadmium is a widely distributed nephrotoxic metal that causes renal tubular injury. In this report, we investigated involvement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and individual unfolded protein responses in cadmium-initiated apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells. Cadmium chloride (CdCl(2)) induced expression of endogenous ER stress markers, GRP78, GRP94(More)
Distinct subtypes of glutamate receptors often are colocalized at individual excitatory synapses in the mammalian brain yet appear to subserve distinct functions. To address whether neuronal activity may differentially regulate the surface expression at synapses of two specific subtypes of ionotropic glutamate receptors we epitope-tagged an AMPA(More)
BACKGROUND To study the survival benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in gastric cancer, seven cancer centres in Japan carried out a phase III clinical trial of adjuvant chemotherapy after curative gastrectomy for macroscopically serosa-negative gastric cancer. METHODS 579 patients were enrolled in the study, stratified by disease stage (T1, n=188; T2,(More)
Diagnostic difficulties in discriminating brain abscess from necrotic or cystic tumors using conventional CT and MRI have been reported. In this article, we examine the diagnostic ability of diffusion-weighted imaging to discriminate brain abscess from necrotic or cystic tumors. In previous reports, necrotic or cystic tumors show low signal intensity in(More)
Several growth factors (or cytokines) have recently received attention because of their ability to actively regulate various cellular functions of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells and the effects of topical application of such factor(s) on periodontal tissue regeneration has been evaluated. In this study, we examined the role of basic fibroblast growth(More)
Two barriers prevent adenovirus-based vectors from having wide application. One is the difficulty of making new adenoviruses, and the second is the strong immunological reaction to viral proteins. Here we describe uses of Cre-lox recombination to overcome these problems. First, we demonstrate a simple method for constructing E1-substituted adenoviruses.(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to play crucial roles in tumor angiogenesis. We have investigated the circulating level of VEGF in sera from cancer patients as well as from healthy normal controls using a sensitive enzymatic immunoassay. Immunoreactive VEGF proteins were detectable in normal sera, and the cutoff level was determined to be(More)
BACKGROUND Bioflavonoid quercetin inhibits hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis via intervention in the activator protein 1 (AP-1)-mediated apoptotic pathway. In this report, we investigated molecular events involved in the anti-apoptotic effect of quercetin, focusing especially on its effects on the family of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases.(More)
The effect of nitric oxide (NO) on HCO-3 secretion was examined in vitro using an isolated preparation of bullfrog duodenum. The tissue was bathed in unbuffered Ringer's solution gassed with 100% O2 on the mucosal side and HCO-3 Ringer's solution gassed with 95% O2-5% CO2 on the serosal side. The HCO-3 secretion was measured by the pH-stat method using 2(More)
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has a key role in the regulation of an array of cellular function. We found that rapamycin, an inhibitor of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), attenuated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced apoptosis. Among three major branches of the unfolded protein response, rapamycin selectively suppressed the IRE1-JNK signaling without(More)