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For generation of energy, cancer cells utilize glycolysis more vigorously than oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria (Warburg effect). We examined the energy metabolism of four leukemia cell lines by using glycolysis inhibitor, 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-DG) and inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation, oligomycin. NB4 was relatively sensitive to 2-DG (IC(50):(More)
Like normal hematopoietic stem cells, leukemia cells proliferate in bone marrow, where oxygen supply is limited. However, the growth and energy metabolism of leukemia cells under hypoxia have not been well understood. Although it has been known that reactive oxygen species (ROS) is generated under hypoxic conditions, normal and leukemia stem cells were(More)
Some cancer cells depend on glutamine despite of pronounced glycolysis. We examined the glutamine metabolism in leukemia cells, and found that HL-60 cells most depended on glutamine in the 4 acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cell lines examined: growth of HL-60 cells was most suppressed by glutamine deprivation and by inhibition of glutaminolysis, which was(More)
We examined the effects of diet nutrients on xenotransplanted leukemia cells, THP-1 or NB4. THP-1 tumors showed more growth when fed with high fat diet, while NB4 tumors grew more with high carbohydrate diet. Then, administration of 2-deoxyglucose (a glycolysis inhibitor) showed a significant antitumor effect on both tumors: NB4 tumor showed large necrotic(More)
The shift in energy metabolism from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis can serve as a target for the inhibition of cancer growth. Here, we examined the metabolic changes induced by 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), a glycolysis inhibitor, in leukemia cells by metabolome analysis. NB4 cells mainly utilized glucose as an energy source by glycolysis and oxidative(More)
In this study, we established and analyzed a novel human myeloid leukemia cell line, AMU-AML1, from a patient with acute myeloid leukemia with multilineage dysplasia before the initiation of chemotherapy. AMU-AML1 cells were positive for CD13, CD33, CD117, and HLA-DR by flow cytometry analysis and showed a single chromosomal abnormality, 46, XY,(More)
Amylase-producing myeloma exhibits refractoriness to chemotherapy and a dismal prognosis. In this study, we established a human myeloma cell line, 8226/AMY1, in which a lentivirally transfected AMY1 gene was stably expressed and explored its biological characteristics. 8226/AMY1 showed a survival advantage over mock control when treated with dexamethasone,(More)
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