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OBJECTIVE To obtain an estimate of the prevalence of new cases of smear-positive tuberculosis in Eritrea using a new low-cost approach. METHODS The study was designed to include a sample of 35,000 people divided between 40 clusters. The clusters were selected by sampling proportional to population size. In each cluster, census data were obtained from… (More)
We assessed the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection and identified risk factors for HIV infection in smear-positive TB patients diagnosed by the TB programme in Eritrea. Of 365 notified TB patients, 220 (60.3%) could be traced and provided a blood sample that was tested. Of these, 26 (11.8%, 95%CI 7.6-16.1) were… (More)
We used results from a national tuberculosis prevalence survey in Eritrea to calculate case detection rate (CDR) and compared it with the published CDR. The CDR obtained from the survey was approximately 40%, whereas the CDR published by the World Health Organization was 3x lower (14%).