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Prednisolone pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) were investigated in relation to sex and race in white males, black males, white females, and black females (n = 8/group) after a single oral dose (0.27 mg/kg) of prednisone. The study consisted of baseline and prednisone phases with 32-hour sampling in each phase. Women were studied during the(More)
OBJECTIVES The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics after administration of methylprednisolone alone, diltiazem alone, and both drugs jointly were assessed in healthy volunteers. METHODS An unblinded, controlled, fixed-sequence, 2-period study was carried out in 5 healthy white men who received a single dose of intravenous methylprednisolone, 0.3 mg/kg,(More)
BACKGROUND Ambrisentan is a once-daily, endothelin (ET) type A receptor-selective antagonist approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Ambrisentan is primarily metabolized by glucuronidation and undergoes cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated oxidation to a lesser extent. OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of rifampicin (rifampin), a potent(More)
Ambrisentan (ABS), approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension and administered as an oral dose once daily, is an ET(A)-selective endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA) and a potential substrate for cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP), and P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Cyclosporin A (CsA), an inhibitor of(More)
Ambrisentan is an endothelin type A (ET(A))-selective receptor antagonist that is metabolized primarily by glucuronidation but also undergoes oxidative metabolism by CYP3A4. The potential for ketoconazole, the archetypal strong inhibitor of CYP3A4, to alter the pharmacokinetic profile of ambrisentan and its oxidative metabolite, 4-hydroxymethyl ambrisentan,(More)
A thorough QT study was conducted in healthy volunteers with losmapimod. Four treatment regimens were included: a therapeutic dose (7.5 mg BID for 5 days), a supratherapeutic dose (20 mg QD for 5 days), a positive control (400 mg moxifloxacin single dose on Day 5), and placebo for 5 days. Baseline and on treatment ECGs were measured on Day 1 (3 timepoints(More)
AIMS Mitogen-induced ex vivo whole blood lymphocyte proliferation (WBLP) is a widely used method to assess lymphocyte responsiveness to immunosuppressive therapy. A three-component complex model was developed to characterize effects of prednisolone on cell trafficking, transduction, and lymphocyte suppression. METHODS An oral dose (0.27 mg kg-1) of(More)
Description: SB-659032 is a selective and orally active inhibitor of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A 2 (Lp-PLA 2) that is being developed for the treatment of atherosclerosis. This study is designed to assess whether inhibition of plasma Lp-PLA 2 activity impacts platelet function as assessed by ex vivo platelet aggregation tests and in vivo plasma(More)
The absorption, metabolism, and excretion of darapladib, a novel inhibitor of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, was investigated in healthy male subjects using [(14)C]-radiolabeled material in a bespoke study design. Disposition of darapladib was compared following single i.v. and both single and repeated oral administrations. The anticipated(More)