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Myzostomids are marine annelids, nearly all of which live symbiotically on or inside echinoderms, chiefly crinoids, and to a lesser extent asteroids and ophiuroids. These symbionts possess a variety of adult body plans and lifestyles. Most described species live freely on the exterior of their hosts as adults (though starting life on the host inside cysts),(More)
The occurrence of Staphylococcus aureus in the hair of the scalp was investigated in three groups: out-patients, in-patients, and staff of a general hospital. Bacteria were grown from the hair of all the subjects tested and Staphylococcus aureus was the commonest pathogen isolated. It was found more frequently in the hair than in the nose but 20% of hair(More)
Consistent with the increased demand for nutrients imposed by lactation and growth, those tissues directly involved in the digestion, absorption, and processing of the required additional nutrients show response to these states. During lactation, the rumen, upper intestine, and liver increase in size, and more energy is spent on Na+,K+ transport and on(More)
A mathematical representation of the energy-requiring processes of protein turnover and Na+,K+-transport in the tissues of growing lambs is described. This model was then used to examine the relative contributions of these processes to ATP expenditure at two different growth rates (90-230 g/d). Protein turnover accounted for 19% of whole-body ATP(More)
—Delayed biotic recovery from the end-Permian mass extinction has long been interpreted to result from environmental inhibition. Recently, evidence of more rapid recovery has begun to emerge, suggesting the role of environmental inhibition was previously overestimated. However, there have been few high-resolution taxonomic and ecological studies spanning(More)
A mathematical integration of whole-body protein synthesis and degradation based on protein metabolism in 10 individual tissues in growing lambs is described. The tissues represented are adipose, central nervous system (CNS), gastrointestinal tract (GIT), heart, kidney, liver, muscle, pancreatic and salivary glands (PSG), reticuloendothelial system (RES)(More)
An efficient protocol to identify and describe species of Myzostomida is outlined and demonstrated. This taxonomic approach relies on careful identification (facilitated by an included comprehensive table of available names with relevant geographical and host information) and concise descriptions combined with DNA sequencing, live photography, and accurate(More)
We report the presence of Mesorhizobium, a genus best known for its nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with terrestrial legumes, associated with the marine polychaete Meganerilla bactericola (Annelida: Nerillidae). Abundant epibionts were previously described as coating the exterior of M. bactericola, which is found within the anoxic sulfide-oxidizing microbial mats(More)
Comatulidae Fleming, 1828 (previously, and incorrectly, Comasteridae A.H. Clark, 1908a), is a group of feather star crinoids currently divided into four accepted subfamilies, 21 genera and approximately 95 nominal species. Comatulidae is the most commonly-encountered and species-rich crinoid group on shallow tropical coral reefs, particularly in the(More)