Minchul Kang

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The process of autophagy involves the formation of autophagosomes, double-membrane structures that encapsulate cytosol. Microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) was the first protein shown to specifically label autophagosomal membranes in mammalian cells, and subsequently EGFP-LC3 has become one of the most widely utilized reporters of autophagy.(More)
A model of ligand-induced intracellular calcium (Ca2+) responses incorporating phospholipase C (PLC) and protein kinase C (PKC) is developed for the purpose of understanding the mechanisms underlying the observed temporal patterns of intracellular calcium (Ca(i)2+) under sustained agonist stimulation. Some studies have suggested that inhibition of ligand(More)
Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) is a powerful, versatile, and widely accessible tool to monitor molecular dynamics in living cells that can be performed using modern confocal microscopes. Although the basic principles of FRAP are simple, quantitative FRAP analysis requires careful experimental design, data collection, and analysis. In this(More)
Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) using confocal laser scanning microscopes (confocal FRAP) has become a valuable technique for studying the diffusion of biomolecules in cells. However, two-dimensional confocal FRAP sometimes yields results that vary with experimental setups, such as different bleaching protocols and bleaching spot sizes. In(More)
The glycosphingolipid GM1 binds cholera toxin (CT) on host cells and carries it retrograde from the plasma membrane (PM) through endosomes, the trans-Golgi (TGN), and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to induce toxicity. To elucidate how a membrane lipid can specify trafficking in these pathways, we synthesized GM1 isoforms with alternate ceramide domains and(More)
Prostate cancer develops through a stochastic mechanism whereby precancerous lesions on occasion progress to multifocal adenocarcinoma. Analysis of human benign and cancer prostate tissues revealed heterogeneous loss of TGF-β signaling in the cancer-associated stromal fibroblastic cell compartment. To test the hypothesis that prostate cancer progression is(More)
Quantitative measurements of diffusion can provide important information about how proteins and lipids interact with their environment within the cell and the effective size of the diffusing species. Confocal fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) is one of the most widely accessible approaches to measure protein and lipid diffusion in living(More)
Most of the important types of interactions that occur in cells can be characterized as binding-diffusion type processes, and can be quantified by kinetic rate constants such as diffusion coefficients (D) and binding rate constants (k(on) and k(off)). Confocal FRAP is a potentially important tool for the quantitative analysis of intracellular(More)
One of the most dominant methods cells use for a large class of cellular processes is reaction (or binding) diffusion kinetics, which are controlled by kinetic constants such as diffusion coefficients and on/off binding rate constants. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) can be used to determine these kinetic constants in living cells. While(More)