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The interfacial dipolar polarization in inverted structure polymer solar cells, which arises spontaneously from the absorption of ethanolamine end groups, such as amine and hydroxyl groups on ripple-structure zinc oxide (ZnO-R), lowers the contact barrier for electron transport and extraction and leads to enhanced electron mobility, suppression of(More)
Heterostructures of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and graphene have attracted a great deal of attention for potential applications in 2D materials. Although several methods have been developed to produce this material through the partial substitution reaction of graphene, the reverse reaction has not been reported. Though the endothermic nature of this(More)
Recent graphene research has triggered enormous interest in new two-dimensional ordered crystals constructed by the inclusion of elements other than carbon for bandgap opening. The design of new multifunctional two-dimensional materials with proper bandgap has become an important challenge. Here we report a layered two-dimensional network structure that(More)
A detailed understanding of interactions between molecules and graphene is one of the key issues for tailoring the properties of graphene-based molecular devices, because the electronic and structural properties of molecular layers on surfaces are determined by intermolecular and molecule-substrate interactions. Here, we present the atomically resolved(More)
Growth of large-scale patterned, wrinkle-free graphene and the gentle transfer technique without further damage are most important requirements for the practical use of graphene. Here we report the growth of wrinkle-free, strictly uniform monolayer graphene films by chemical vapor deposition on a platinum (Pt) substrate with texture-controlled giant grains(More)
Reactions of ZnO nanowires (NWs) with atomic hydrogen were investigated with temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) mass spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. During TPD, molecular H2, H2O, and atomic Zn desorbed from ZnO NWs pretreated with atomic H at 220 K. Three distinct H2 TPD peaks, two from surface H(More)
The formation of 2D polyaniline (PANI) has attracted considerable interest due to its expected electronic and optoelectronic properties. Although PANI was discovered over 150 y ago, obtaining an atomically well-defined 2D PANI framework has been a longstanding challenge. Here, we describe the synthesis of 2D PANI via the direct pyrolysis of hexaaminobenzene(More)
The electrons in graphene exhibit unusual behaviours, which can be described by massless Dirac quasiparticles. Understanding electron scattering in graphene has been of significant importance for its future application in electronic devices because electron scattering determines electrical properties such as resistivity and electron transport. There are two(More)
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