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Incomplete neointimal coverage and malapposed struts after stenting are associated with increased risk of stent thrombosis. We aimed to evaluate neointimal coverage early after Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES) implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT). A total of 20 patients with de novo native coronary lesions with R-ZES were(More)
BACKGROUND Neovascularization is potentially important for the treatment of ischemic heart and limb disease. We reported that reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from gp91phox (Nox2)-containing NAD(P)H oxidase are involved in angiogenesis in mouse sponge models as well as in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling in cultured endothelial(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial cell (EC) migration is a key event for repair process after vascular injury and angiogenesis. EC migration is regulated by reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton at the leading edge and localized production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) at the site of injury. However, underlying mechanisms are unclear. We reported that IQGAP1, an(More)
The circulating interleukin (IL)-18 level is a strong predictor of death from cardiovascular causes in patients with coronary artery disease. However, the mechanisms of IL-18 in orchestrating the cytokine cascade and the accelerator of IL-18 production in atherosclerosis are still unknown. In the present study, we measured the serum concentration of IL-18(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces angiogenesis by stimulating reactive oxygen species (ROS) production primarily through the VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2). One of the initial responses in established vessels to stimulate angiogenesis is loss of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin-based cell-cell adhesions; however, little is known about(More)
Endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and migration are important for reendothelialization and angiogenesis. We have demonstrated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from the small GTPase Rac1-dependent NAD(P)H oxidase are involved in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated endothelial responses mainly through the VEGF type2 receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone that has a wide range of effects on glucose metabolism and cardiovascular function (e.g., improving insulin sensitivity, reduction in appetite, modulation of heart rate, blood pressure and myocardial contractility). Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with an increased risk of developing(More)
Cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) play a central role in cardiac fibrosis. Factor Xa (FXa)-dependent protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1 and PAR-2 have been reported as important targets in proinflammatory and fibroproliferative diseases. From this viewpoint, we aimed to investigate whether treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke prevention by warfarin, a vitamin K antagonist, has been an integral part in the management of atrial fibrillation. Vitamin K-dependent matrix Gla protein (MGP) has been known as a potent inhibitor of arterial calcification and osteoporosis. Therefore, we hypothesized that warfarin therapy affects bone mineral metabolism, vascular(More)
Coagulation factors are known to play a role in wound healing by stimulating fibroblasts and might be associated with tissue fibrosis, however, only limited data exist. Protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1), activated by thrombin or factor (F) Xa, and PAR2, activated by FXa, have recently been reported to play roles not only in the coagulation system, but(More)