Minako Kondo

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There is growing interest in engineering the properties of fluorescent proteins through modifications to the chromophore structure utilizing mutagenesis with either natural or unnatural amino acids. This entails an understanding of the photophysical and photochemical properties of the modified chromophore. In this work, a range of GFP chromophores with(More)
Ultrafast proton transfer dynamics on a short H-bond in a protein were studied through the time-resolved fluorescence of the S65T/H148D green fluorescent protein (GFP) mutant. In response to the change in chromophore pK(a) upon excitation, the donor-proton-acceptor structure evolves on a sub-100 fs time scale, followed by picosecond time scale vibrational(More)
Ultrafast time-resolved infrared (TRIR) spectra of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and the anion of lumiflavin (Lf-) are described. Ground-state recovery and excited-state decay of FAD reveal a common dominant ultrafast relaxation and a minor slower component. The Lf- transient lacks a fast component. No intermediate species are observed, suggesting that(More)
The photophysics of trans-2-[4-(dimethylamino)styryl]benzothiazole (DMASBT) was investigated by electronic structure calculations and steady-state and time-resolved emission spectroscopy in a wide range of solvents, including temperature and pressure dependence. DMASBT undergoes a facile photoinduced trans-cis isomerization similar to the reaction of(More)
The effects of confinement on the ultrafast torsional reaction of auramine O in aqueous solution are investigated through ultrafast fluorescence up-conversion with 50 fs time resolution. The aqueous solution is confined in nanoscale water droplets by an ionic surfactant. The torsional motion is orders of magnitude slower in the confined droplets than in(More)
The blue light using flavin (BLUF) domain photosensors, such as the transcriptional antirepressor AppA, utilize a noncovalently bound flavin as the chromophore for photoreception. Since the isoalloxazine ring of the chromophore is unable to undergo large-scale structural change upon light absorption, there is intense interest in understanding how the BLUF(More)
The excited-state dynamics of a reactive dye molecule, auramine O, have been studied in nanoscale water droplets stabilized by a nonionic surfactant. Spectral dynamics were measured as a function of the radius of the water nanodroplet with 50 fs time resolution using time-resolved fluorescence up-conversion method. Qualitatively, the effect of confinement(More)
The role of confinement in the suppression of the excited-state reaction of the dye molecule auramine O in nanoscale water droplets is investigated by contrasting the behavior of the dye in solution and on regular and reverse micelles. Auramine O photophysics are studied in bulk water, at the interface between regular micelles and bulk water, and in the(More)
A 54-year-old art teacher, experienced a right putaminal hemorrhage, and thereafter suffered severe left hemiplegia and unilateral spatial neglect, and was transferred to the rehabilitation department of the University Hospital 1 month after the onset. Although the unilateral spatial neglect was improving, the patient was unable to paint the left quarter of(More)