Minako Hijikata

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 TT virus (TTV) is the only known human virus with single-stranded circular DNA, with a possible but yet unclear relationship to chicken anemia virus (CAV) of the family Circoviridae. Here we report a new human virus resembling TTV and CAV, designated TTV-like mini virus (TLMV). This non-enveloped virus was smaller (>30 nm) but had a similar density (1.(More)
Information on the entire genome of TT virus (TTV) has been scarce. The circular ssDNA genome of a variant (isolate name SANBAN) that we sequenced was only 56.7% homologous to the prototype isolate (TA278), with even lower homology at the amino acid level: 34.2% for ORF1 and 39.7% for ORF2. Regarding the ORF1, SANBAN was only very distantly related to the(More)
TT virus (TTV) is a common virus and consists of many genotypes and variants. In addition, there exists a virus which both differs greatly from and retains a considerable resemblance to TTV, such as the TTV-like mini virus (TLMV) as we reported previously. Here we report the near full length genomic sequences of 4 isolates of a new variant of TTV(More)
The buoyant density of hepatitis C virus (HCV), with high in vivo infectivity (strain H) or low in vivo infectivity (strain F), was determined by sucrose gradient equilibrium centrifugation. Viral RNA of strain H was detected in fractions with densities of < or = 1.09 g/ml (principally approximately 1.06 g/ml), while that of strain F was found in fractions(More)
We developed an in vitro assay for antibodies to hepatitis C virus (HCV) that bind to virions and prevent initiation of the replication cycle in susceptible cells in vitro. These antibodies therefore appear to be capable of neutralizing the virus. Using this assay and a standard inoculum of HCV of known infectivity, we have measured the antibody in serial(More)
We hypothesized that host antiviral genes induced by type I interferons might affect the natural course of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). We analyzed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase 1 (OAS-1), myxovirus resistance-A (MxA), and double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase in 44 Vietnamese SARS patients(More)
The interferon (IFN)-inducible MxA protein is known to play an important role in the host defense against certain viruses. We aimed to see if any genetic polymorphism in the promoter region of the MxA gene is associated with the IFN responsiveness of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. Initially we sequenced the promoter region of the MxA gene in 12(More)
Diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) is a chronic inflammatory airway disease predominantly affecting Asian populations. DPB is considered to be a complex genetic disease. Considering the mucous hypersecretion of the disease, we hypothesized that the transcriptional activity of mucin genes may be altered in DPB. We analyzed nucleotide sequences of regulatory(More)
We have previously reported a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at nucleotide (nt) position -88 (G or T) within an interferon-stimulated response element-like sequence in the promoter region of the MxA gene, which correlated with responsiveness of hepatitis C patients to interferon. Upstream of it, we then identified another SNP (C or A at nt -123) and(More)