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Memory and attentional control impairments are the two most common forms of dysfunction following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and lead to significant morbidity in patients, yet these functions are thought to be supported by different brain networks. This 3 T magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study investigates whether microstructural(More)
Response anticipation and response conflict processes are supported by executive control. However, few neuroimaging studies have attempted to study the relationship between these two processes in the same experimental session. In this study, we isolated brain activity associated with response anticipation (after a cue to prepare vs relax) and with response(More)
In contrast to cyclin D1 nulls (cD1-/-), mice without cyclin D2 (cD2-/-) lack cerebellar stellate interneurons; the reason for this is unknown. In the present study in cortex, we found a disproportionate loss of parvalbumin (PV) interneurons in cD2-/- mice. This selective reduction in PV subtypes was associated with reduced frequency of GABA-mediated(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To investigate differences in brain gray matter concentrations or volumes in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) and healthy volunteers. DESIGNS Optimized voxel-based morphometry, an automated processing technique for MRI, was used to characterize structural differences in gray matter in newly diagnosed male patients. (More)
Given that even mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) may produce extensive diffuse axonal injury (DAI), we hypothesized that mild TBI patients would show deficits in predictive smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM), associated with impaired cognitive functions, as these processes are dependent on common white matter connectivity between multiple cerebral and(More)
Focal neocortical seizures, induced by injection of 4-aminopyridine, were imaged in the rat neocortex using the intrinsic optical signal, with incident light at various wavelengths. We observed focal, reproducible and prolonged reflectance drops following seizure onset, regardless of wavelength, in the ictal onset zone. A persistent drop in light(More)
The spatiotemporal dynamics of neurovascular coupling during epilepsy are not well understood, and there are little data from studies of the human brain. We investigated changes in total hemoglobin (Hbt) and hemoglobin oxygenation in patients undergoing epilepsy surgery with intraoperative intrinsic optical spectroscopy (IOS) during triggered(More)
We investigated the dynamic spatiotemporal relationships of cerebral blood volume (CBV), deoxygenated hemoglobin (Hbr), and light scatter (LS) associated with interictal epileptiform events with multiwavelength optical recording of intrinsic signals and simultaneous field potential recording. Interictal spikes (IISs) were induced with iontophoresis of(More)
Precise identification of epileptogenic zones in patients with intractable drug-resistant epilepsy is critical for successful epilepsy surgery. Numerous source-imaging algorithms for localizing epileptogenic zones based on scalp electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) have been developed and validated in simulation and experimental(More)
Modulation of the complex spike activity of Purkinje cells in the cerebellar flocculus can convey not only visual signals but also nonvisual signals. The nonvisual complex spike modulation, which is readily observed with vestibular stimulation of the awake rabbit in darkness, is approximately in-phase with the concomitant simple spike modulation. This(More)