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Memory and attentional control impairments are the two most common forms of dysfunction following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and lead to significant morbidity in patients, yet these functions are thought to be supported by different brain networks. This 3 T magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study investigates whether microstructural(More)
Response anticipation and response conflict processes are supported by executive control. However, few neuroimaging studies have attempted to study the relationship between these two processes in the same experimental session. In this study, we isolated brain activity associated with response anticipation (after a cue to prepare vs relax) and with response(More)
In contrast to cyclin D1 nulls (cD1-/-), mice without cyclin D2 (cD2-/-) lack cerebellar stellate interneurons; the reason for this is unknown. In the present study in cortex, we found a disproportionate loss of parvalbumin (PV) interneurons in cD2-/- mice. This selective reduction in PV subtypes was associated with reduced frequency of GABA-mediated(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To investigate differences in brain gray matter concentrations or volumes in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) and healthy volunteers. DESIGNS Optimized voxel-based morphometry, an automated processing technique for MRI, was used to characterize structural differences in gray matter in newly diagnosed male patients. (More)
Precise identification of epileptogenic zones in patients with intractable drug-resistant epilepsy is critical for successful epilepsy surgery. Numerous source-imaging algorithms for localizing epileptogenic zones based on scalp electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) have been developed and validated in simulation and experimental(More)
The spatiotemporal dynamics of neurovascular coupling during epilepsy are not well understood, and there are little data from studies of the human brain. We investigated changes in total hemoglobin (Hbt) and hemoglobin oxygenation in patients undergoing epilepsy surgery with intraoperative intrinsic optical spectroscopy (IOS) during triggered(More)
We investigated the dynamic spatiotemporal relationships of cerebral blood volume (CBV), deoxygenated hemoglobin (Hbr), and light scatter (LS) associated with interictal epileptiform events with multiwavelength optical recording of intrinsic signals and simultaneous field potential recording. Interictal spikes (IISs) were induced with iontophoresis of(More)
Modulation of the complex spike activity of Purkinje cells in the cerebellar flocculus can convey not only visual signals but also nonvisual signals. The nonvisual complex spike modulation, which is readily observed with vestibular stimulation of the awake rabbit in darkness, is approximately in-phase with the concomitant simple spike modulation. This(More)
As gaseous nitric oxide (NO), a critical and multifaceted biomarker, diffuses easily once released, identifying the precise sources of NO release is a challenge. This study developed a new technique for real-time in vivo direct NO imaging by coupling an amperometric NO nanosensor with scanning electrochemical microscopy. This technique provides(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important biomolecule for regulating various brain functions, such as the control of neurovascular tone. NO, however, cannot be stored inside cells where NO is produced and immediately diffuses through the cellular membrane and decays rapidly, which makes the detection of NO extremely hard in an in vivo setting. We constructed an(More)