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Infection by lentiviruses such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Maedi-Visna virus (MVV) is associated with neurodegenerative disorders. We have investigated the neurotoxic mechanisms of a synthetic peptide of transactivating protein tat of MVV in striatal neuronal cultures. Tat peptide (but not control peptide) caused neuronal death, without(More)
1. In GT1-7 cells, histamine stimulated the initial [Ca2+]i transient in a dose-dependent manner with a best-fit EC50 value of 4.2 +/- 4.2 microM (mean +/- s.e.mean, n = 4) and a best-fit maximal effect of 138 +/- 56 nM (n = 4) increase above basal calcium levels. 2. Pretreatment of cells with 30 microM histamine for 30 min desensitized the population mean(More)
GT1-7 cells, a clonal line derived from specific tumours of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-secreting neurons from mouse hypothalamus, were used as a model system to investigate the cellular mechanisms underlying the histamine H1 receptor-mediated desensitisation. GT1-7 cells contain H1 receptors, acute stimulation of which leads to the desensitisation of(More)
Application of nanoparticles has recently promising results for water insoluble agents like curcumin. In this study, we synthesized polymeric nanoparticle-curcumin (PNPC) and then showed its efficiency, drug loading, stability, and safety. Therapeutic effects of PNPC were also assessed on two cell lines and in an animal model of breast cancer. PNPC(More)
Curcumin is a potent natural anticancer agent, but its effectiveness is limited by properties such as very low solubility, high rate of degradation, and low rate of absorption of its hydrophobic molecules in vivo. To date, various nanocarriers have been used to improve the bioavailability of this hydrophobic biomaterial. This study investigates the(More)
Histamine, acting via H1 receptors, dose-dependently stimulated [3H]inositol phosphate production in GT1-7 neuronal cells. GT1-7 cells also responded to Substance P but not to other neuroactive drugs tested. Acute histamine pretreatment desensitised the histamine-induced response, resulting in a reduction in the maximal response and a slower time-course of(More)
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