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Cordyceps militaris is a potential harbour of bio-metabolites for herbal drugs and evidences are available about its applications for revitalization of various systems of the body from ancient times. Amongst all the species, C. militaris is considered as the oldest source of some useful chemical constituents. Besides their popular applications for tonic(More)
The pleth variability index (PVI), which is calculated from respiratory variations in the perfusion index (PI), reportedly predicts fluid responsiveness. However, vasomotor tone fluctuations induced by nociceptive stimuli change the PI and may reduce the accuracy of PVI. The aim of this study was to confirm the effects of surgical stimuli on PVI.(More)
To clarify the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy in carnitine-deficient juvenile visceral steatosis (JVS) mice, we performed differential mRNA display analysis with the ventricles of control and JVS mice. We found a novel up-regulated gene, designated as carnitine deficiency-associated gene expressed in ventricle (CDV)-3. Northern blot analysis with a(More)
Isolation of cordycepin from the culture broth of Cordyceps militaris mutant was investigated. Based on the solubility curve, three crystallizing processes, temperature shift (process I), pH shift (process II), and pH shift followed by temperature shift (process III) were carried out. Process III was the most promising method regarding both purity and yield.
Background: General anesthesia using remifentanil may suppress the unwanted metabolic changes caused by surgical stress including hyperglycemia and ketogenesis. Surgery-related changes in catabolism can be attenuated with low-dose glucose load, without causing hyperglycemia. However, the impact of glucose load in diabetic patients during surgery is unknown.(More)
Cordycepin (3′-deoxyadenosine) exhibits antimicrobial, anticancer, antimetastatic, immunomodulatory and insecticidal effects, and is one of the most important bioactive anticancer agents found in Cordyceps species (summer grass-winter worm). However, due to the requirements of specific hosts and strict growth environments, Cordyceps militaris is very scarce(More)
Cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine) is one of the most versatile metabolites of Cordyceps militaris due to its broad spectrum of biological activity. In our previous study, the C. militaris mutant G81-3, which produces higher levels of cordycepin, was obtained by high-energy proton beam irradiation. In this study, the effects of adenosine on cordycepin(More)
Miller–Dieker syndrome (MDS) is a rare disorder characterized by type I lissencephaly and a distinctive facial appearance that may include prominent forehead, bitemporal hollowing, and micrognathia. MDS is associated with epilepsy. We here report an 18-month-old girl with MDS who required general anesthesia. The child had an extremely low Bispectral Index(More)
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