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Thiazolidinediones have shown beneficial effects in short-term treatment of depression. However, it is unclear whether the antidepressant efficacy of these agents is related to their insulin-sensitizing action. We conducted the present study to compare the antidepressant efficacy of pioglitazone with another insulin-sensitizer, metformin, in obese patients(More)
BACKGROUND Impairment of oxytocinergic function and/or oxytocin receptor genetic abnormalities has been demonstrated in patients with schizophrenia. Oxytocin reverses emotional recognition deficit and might restore sense of trust in patients with schizophrenia. Some short-term studies have shown efficacy and tolerability of oxytocin in patients with(More)
In recent years, evidence suggests that modafinil may be useful for certain symptom domains of schizophrenia, especially for the negative and cognitive symptoms. However, the results are not consistent. This study was designed to investigate the effect of modafinil added to risperidone in patients with chronic schizophrenia in a double blind and randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that forms part of a spectrum of related disorders referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorders. The present study assessed the effects of topiramate plus risperidone in the treatment of autistic disorder. METHOD Forty children between the ages of 4 and 12 years with a DSM IV clinical diagnosis of(More)
A growing body of evidence illustrates that 5-HT3 receptor antagonist drugs may be of benefit in the treatment of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of tropisetron add-on to risperidone on negative symptoms in patients with chronic stable schizophrenia. In a double-blind,(More)
We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of memantine add-on in the treatment of primary negative symptoms of patients with stable schizophrenia. In a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, 40 patients with schizophrenia (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) who were stabilized on risperidone for a minimum of 8 weeks were(More)
Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) is a universal tumor-associated antigen (TAA) expressed in a variety of malignancies. High WT1 mRNA expression has been detected in the majority of acute leukemias and has been identified as a convenient marker for disease monitoring. The aim of this study was to evaluate WT1 expression in Iranian ALL patients at diagnosis, relapse(More)
Type 1 diabetes is recognized as an autoimmune inflammatory disease and low grade inflammation is also observed in type 2 diabetic patients. Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a new player in inflammation. Th17 cells, as the main source of IL-17, require transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and interleukin 23 (IL-23). The aim of this study was to investigate serum(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the antidepressant effect of oral scopolamine as an adjunct to citalopram. METHOD In this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study, patients were assessed in the outpatient clinics of 2 large hospitals from November 2011 to January 2012. Forty patients (18-55 years) with major depressive disorder (DSM-IV-TR criteria) and(More)
It has been suggested that phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors such as sildenafil may be effective in the treatment of negative symptoms of schizophrenia. This study was designed to investigate the effect of sildenafil added to risperidone as augmentation therapy in patients with chronic schizophrenia and prominent negative symptoms in a double-blind and(More)