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BACKGROUND Impairment of oxytocinergic function and/or oxytocin receptor genetic abnormalities has been demonstrated in patients with schizophrenia. Oxytocin reverses emotional recognition deficit and might restore sense of trust in patients with schizophrenia. Some short-term studies have shown efficacy and tolerability of oxytocin in patients with(More)
Thiazolidinediones have shown beneficial effects in short-term treatment of depression. However, it is unclear whether the antidepressant efficacy of these agents is related to their insulin-sensitizing action. We conducted the present study to compare the antidepressant efficacy of pioglitazone with another insulin-sensitizer, metformin, in obese patients(More)
A growing body of evidence illustrates that 5-HT3 receptor antagonist drugs may be of benefit in the treatment of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of tropisetron add-on to risperidone on negative symptoms in patients with chronic stable schizophrenia. In a double-blind,(More)
Type 1 diabetes is recognized as an autoimmune inflammatory disease and low grade inflammation is also observed in type 2 diabetic patients. Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a new player in inflammation. Th17 cells, as the main source of IL-17, require transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and interleukin 23 (IL-23). The aim of this study was to investigate serum(More)
BACKGROUND Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that forms part of a spectrum of related disorders referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorders. The present study assessed the effects of topiramate plus risperidone in the treatment of autistic disorder. METHOD Forty children between the ages of 4 and 12 years with a DSM IV clinical diagnosis of(More)
Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) is a universal tumor-associated antigen (TAA) expressed in a variety of malignancies. High WT1 mRNA expression has been detected in the majority of acute leukemias and has been identified as a convenient marker for disease monitoring. The aim of this study was to evaluate WT1 expression in Iranian ALL patients at diagnosis, relapse(More)
BACKGROUND Considerable amount of biochemical data supports the potential involvement of protein kinase C in the pathophysiology and treatment of bipolar disorder. The aim of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of tamoxifen as an adjunct to lithium for the treatment of acute mania in hospitalized(More)
L1 retro-elements comprise 17% of the human genome. Approximately 100 copies of these autonomous mobile elements are active in our DNA and can cause mutations, gene disruptions, and genomic instability. Therefore, human cells control the activities of L1 elements, in order to prevent their deleterious effects through different mechanisms. However, some(More)
There is a growing body of evidence for the efficacy of memantine augmentation in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, to date, no double-blind study has addressed this issue. The objective of the present randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of memantine add-on treatment in(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the safety and efficacy of bupropion with methylphenidate in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS In a 6-week randomized double-blind study, 44 patients with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of ADHD were randomly assigned to receive bupropion 100-150 mg/day (100 mg/day for <30 kg and 150 mg/day(More)