Min-sun Song

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RNA interference is a powerful mechanism for sequence-specific inhibition of gene expression. It is widely known that small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeting the same region of a target-messenger RNA can have widely different efficacies. In efforts to better understand the siRNA features that influence knockdown efficiency, we analyzed siRNA interactions(More)
Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), which prolongs the replicative life span of cells, is highly upregulated in 85-90% of human cancers, whereas most normal somatic tissues in humans express limited levels of the telomerase activity. Therefore, TERT has been a potential target for anticancer therapy. Recently, we described a new approach to human(More)
Cytoskeleton-associated protein 2 (CKAP2) is known to be highly expressed in primary human cancers as well as most cancer cell lines. CKAP2 functions as microtubule stabilizer and probably as cell proliferation inducer, indicating that CKAP2 might be a potential anticancer target. In this study, we developed a specific ribozyme that can replace mouse CKAP2(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is the etiological agent of a newly emerged disease SARS. The SARS-CoV nucleocapsid (N) protein is one of the most abundant structural proteins and serves as a diagnostic marker for accurate and sensitive detection of the virus. Using a SELEX (systematic evolution of ligand by exponential enrichment)(More)
Colon cancer has the third highest incidence and mortality among cancers in the United States. MicroRNA-21 (miR21) has been described as an oncomir that is highly overexpressed in tumor tissue from colorectal cancer. Recent studies showed that silencing of miR21 through use of a miR21 inhibitor (anti-miR21) affected viability, apoptosis and the cell cycle(More)
In this study, we describe a novel approach to human cancer therapy that is based upon trans-splicing ribozyme-mediated replacement of cancer-specific RNAs with new transcripts that exert therapeutic activities. We have developed a specific ribozyme that can reprogram human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) RNA to induce transgene activity(More)
PURPOSE Our previous studies suggested that human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) RNA-targeting trans-splicing ribozyme could be a useful tool for cancer gene therapy. Here, we investigated whether adenoviruses harboring this ribozyme can be systemically delivered to mice, and whether they selectively mark tumors expressing hTERT and sensitize them(More)
A trans-splicing ribozyme which can specifically reprogram human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) RNA was previously suggested as a useful agent for tumor-targeted gene therapy. In this study, we evaluated in vivo function of the hTERT-targeting trans-splicing ribozymes by employing the molecular analysis of expression level of genes affected by the(More)
25/27 Base duplex RNAs that are substrates for Dicer have been demonstrated to enhance RNA interference (RNAi) potency and efficacy. Since the target sites are not always equally susceptible to suppression by small interfering RNA (siRNA), not all 27-mer duplexes that are processed into the corresponding conventional siRNAs show increased potency. Thus(More)
For suicide gene therapy to be successfully applied for clinical settings, cancer-restricted expression of such suicide gene should be required. We previously showed that group I intron from Tetrahymena can induce new RNA that exerts anti-cancer activity through RNA replacement by trans-splicing reaction with high fidelity and specificity onto targeted(More)