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Bacterial pathogens frequently use protein secretion to mediate interactions with their hosts. Here we found that a virulence locus (HSI-I) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa encodes a protein secretion apparatus. The apparatus assembled in discrete subcellular locations and exported Hcp1, a hexameric protein that forms rings with a 40 angstrom internal diameter.(More)
Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death in males and is second only to lung cancer. Although effective surgical and radiation treatments exist for clinically localized prostate cancer, metastatic prostate cancer remains essentially incurable. Here we show, through gene expression profiling, that the polycomb group protein enhancer of(More)
BACKGROUND The stress hormone corticosterone has the ability both to enhance and suppress synaptic plasticity and learning and memory processes. However, until today there is very little known about the molecular mechanism that underlies the bidirectional effects of stress and corticosteroid hormones on synaptic efficacy and learning and memory processes.(More)
Kir6.2, a subunit of the ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (K(ATP)), was localized in adult rat brain by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The Kir6.2 mRNA was widely expressed in most rat brain neuronal populations and nuclei examined, intensely in the mitral cell layer and tufted cells of the olfactory bulb, pontine nucleus, pontine reticular(More)
—In this letter, we consider a two-way relay channel (TWRC) with two end nodes and k relay nodes, where end nodes have the full channel-state information (CSI) and relay nodes only have the channel-amplitude information (CAI). With the objective of minimizing transmit power consumption at required end-to-end rates, energy-efficient relay selection (RS) and(More)
—MapReduce is becoming the state-of-the-art computing paradigm for processing large-scale datasets on a large cluster with tens or thousands of nodes. It has been widely used in various fields such as e-commerce, Web search, social networks, and scientific computation. Understanding the characteristics of MapReduce workloads is the key to achieving better(More)
Thermodynamic measurements of ion binding to the Streptomyces lividans K(+) channel were carried out using isothermal titration calorimetry, whereas atomic structures of ion-bound and ion-free conformations of the channel were characterized by x-ray crystallography. Here we use these assays to show that the ion radius dependence of selectivity stems from(More)
The eukaryotic initiation factor 3 (eIF3) plays an important role in translation initiation, acting as a docking site for several eIFs that assemble on the 40S ribosomal subunit. Here, we use mass spectrometry to probe the subunit interactions within the human eIF3 complex. Our results show that the 13-subunit complex can be maintained intact in the gas(More)