Learn More
Bacterial pathogens frequently use protein secretion to mediate interactions with their hosts. Here we found that a virulence locus (HSI-I) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa encodes a protein secretion apparatus. The apparatus assembled in discrete subcellular locations and exported Hcp1, a hexameric protein that forms rings with a 40 angstrom internal diameter.(More)
Glia show marked heterogeneity in terms of electrophysiology in the developing brain, and two major types can be identified based on GFAP or NG2 expression. However, it remains to be determined if such an electrophysiological diversity holds for the adult brain and how GFAP and NG2 lineage glia are associated with different electrophysiological phenotypes(More)
The possibility that adrenocorticosteroids might be synthesized in the central nervous system was assessed by RT-PCR using primers for the CYP11B1 gene which codes for 11 beta-hydroxylase, the enzyme responsible for corticosterone and cortisol formation in the zona fasciculata, incubation of minces of several areas of the brain with 3H-DOC and measuring(More)
Gap junction communication between astrocytes is prevalent and has been proposed to be involved in several astrocyte functions. One such proposal involves gap junctions in potassium spatial buffering. However, little is known about the developmental time course of gap junction coupling and how much the syncytium affects whole cell measurements of ion(More)
BACKGROUND The stress hormone corticosterone has the ability both to enhance and suppress synaptic plasticity and learning and memory processes. However, until today there is very little known about the molecular mechanism that underlies the bidirectional effects of stress and corticosteroid hormones on synaptic efficacy and learning and memory processes.(More)
Messenger RNA (mRNA) for enzymes involved in adrenal steroid biosynthesis are expressed in the brain, and the coded enzymes have been shown to be active. The expression of mRNA for the cytochrome P-450 enzyme aldosterone synthase, crucial for the final step in the synthesis of aldosterone and the synthesis of aldosterone was studied in several anatomic(More)
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) are now in daily use including popular sunscreens, toothpastes, and cosmetics. However, the effects of TiO(2) NPs on human body, especially on the central nervous system, are still unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether TiO(2) NPs exposure results in persistent alternations in nervous system(More)
Nuclear movement relative to cell bodies is a fundamental process during certain aspects of mammalian retinal development. During the generation of photoreceptor cells in the cell division cycle, the nuclei of progenitors oscillate between the apical and basal surfaces of the neuroblastic layer (NBL). This process is termed interkinetic nuclear migration(More)
Kir6.2, a subunit of the ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (K(ATP)), was localized in adult rat brain by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The Kir6.2 mRNA was widely expressed in most rat brain neuronal populations and nuclei examined, intensely in the mitral cell layer and tufted cells of the olfactory bulb, pontine nucleus, pontine reticular(More)
Transcription regulatory genes are crucial modulators of cell physiology and metabolism whose intracellular levels are tightly controlled to respond to extracellular stimuli. We studied transcription regulatory genes modulated by angiotensin II, one of the most important regulators of adrenal cortical cell function, and their role in adrenal steroidogenesis(More)