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abstract A novel calcium-dependent potassium current (K slow) that slowly activates in response to a simulated islet burst was identified recently in mouse pancreatic ␤ K slow activation may help terminate the cyclic bursts of Ca 2 ϩ-dependent action potentials that drive Ca 2 ϩ influx and insulin secretion in ␤-cells. Here, we report that when [Ca 2 ϩ ] i(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to investigate whether fractional flow reserve (FFR) should be performed for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) to guide the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy. BACKGROUND PCI is the most effective method to improve the outcomes of CAD. However, the proper usage of PCI has not been achieved(More)
D-amino acid oxidase (DAO), an enzyme that degrades d-serine, has been suggested as a susceptibility factor for schizophrenia. Here we sought to understand more about the behavioral consequence of lacking DAO and the potential therapeutic implication of DAO inhibition by characterizing a mouse strain (ddY/DAO(-)) lacking DAO activity. We found that the(More)
RATIONALE Endogenous opioids have been implicated in the hedonic evaluation of food and palatability. Opioids may also be involved in alcohol intake, as there is a positive correlation between alcohol drinking and preference for sweets and fats. Our previous studies have shown that mu opioid stimulation of the nucleus accumbens preferentially augments(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury (TBI) sets in motion cascades of biochemical changes that result in delayed cell death and altered neuronal architecture. Studies have demonstrated that inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) effectively reduces apoptosis following a number of stimuli. The Wnt family of proteins, and growth factors are two major(More)
[Ca(2+)](i) and electrical activity were compared in isolated beta-cells and islets using standard techniques. In islets, raising glucose caused a decrease in [Ca(2+)](i) followed by a plateau and then fast (2-3 min(-1)), slow (0.2-0.8 min(-1)), or a mixture of fast and slow [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations. In beta-cells, glucose transiently decreased and then(More)
Dysregulation of cyclin-dependent kinases (cdks) and cytoskeletal protein hyperphosphorylation characterizes a subset of human neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC). It is thought that these cytoskeletal changes lead eventually to development of hallmark cytoskeletal lesions(More)
Chromatin modification is considered to be a fundamental mechanism of regulating gene expression to generate coordinated responses to environmental changes, however, whether it could be directly regulated by signals mediated by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), the largest surface receptor family, is not known. Here, we show that stimulation of(More)
MOTIVATION According to current consistency metrics such as percentage of overlapping genes (POG), lists of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) detected from different microarray studies for a complex disease are often highly inconsistent. This irreproducibility problem also exists in other high-throughput post-genomic areas such as proteomics and(More)
Analysis of global methylation in cells has revealed correlations between overall DNA methylation status and some biological states. Recent studies suggest that epigenetic regulation through DNA methylation could be responsible for neuroadaptations induced by addictive drugs. However, there is no investigation to determine global DNA methylation status(More)