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We have developed structure/toxicity relationships for amorphous silica nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized through low-temperature colloidal (e.g., Stöber silica) or high-temperature pyrolysis (e.g., fumed silica) routes. Through combined spectroscopic and physical analyses, we have determined the state of aggregation, hydroxyl concentration, relative(More)
A key challenge for improving the efficacy of passive drug delivery to tumor sites by a nanocarrier is to limit reticuloendothelial system uptake and to maximize the enhanced permeability and retention effect. We demonstrate that size reduction and surface functionalization of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNP) with a polyethyleneimine-polyethylene(More)
Carbon monoxide is considered as a criteria pollutant in urban areas, and plays an important role in photochemistry of regional and urban environments. Continuous measurement of CO at the meteorological observation tower in IAP-CAS (39 degrees 9'N, 116 degrees 4'E) from January to December 2004 was carried out in Beijing, using HP5890II gas chromatography(More)
We used a multifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSNP) carrier to overcome doxorubicin (Dox) resistance in a multidrug resistant (MDR) human breast cancer xenograft by codelivering Dox and siRNA that targets the P-glycoprotein (Pgp) drug exporter. The Pgp siRNA selection from among a series of drug resistance targets was achieved by performing high(More)
The study of ordered mesoporous silica materials has exploded since their discovery by Mobil researchers 20 years ago. The ability to make uniformly sized, porous, and dispersible nanoparticles using colloidal chemistry and evaporation-induced self-assembly has led to many applications of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs) as "nanocarriers" for(More)
Most in vitro toxicity studies on engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) use transformed rather than primary cells for logistical reasons. However, primary cells may provide a more appropriate connection to in vivo toxicity because these cells maintain their phenotypic fidelity and are also capable of differentiating into lineages that may be differently affected(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is etiologically associated with KS, the most common AIDS-related malignancy. KS is characterized by vast angiogenesis and hyperproliferative spindle cells. We have previously reported that HIV-1 Tat can trigger KSHV reactivation and accelerate Kaposin A-induced tumorigenesis. Here, we explored Tat(More)
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNP) have proven to be an extremely effective solid support for controlled drug delivery on account of the fact that their surfaces can be easily functionalized in order to control the nanopore openings. We have described recently a series of mechanized silica nanoparticles, which, under abiotic conditions, are capable of(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze data from the hysteroscopic adhesiolysis of moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions (IUAs), and to review the disease etiology, changes in menstruation, uterine recovery, and reproductive prognosis of women after comprehensive therapy. METHODS In a retrospective descriptive analysis, clinical data were assessed from 683 patients(More)
One new cytochalasan alkaloid, chaetoglobosin V(b) (1), together with two structurally related known compounds, chaetoglobosin V (2) and chaetoglobosin G (3), was isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of a culture of the endophytic fungus Chaetomium globosum, associated with the leaves of Ginkgo biloba tree. The structures of the isolated compounds were(More)