Learn More
We have studied developmental activity-dependent synapse diminution in both an in vitro tissue culture chamber system and at the intact rodent neuromuscular junction (nmj). In both types of preparations, pre- and postsynaptic alterations in synapse structure and function are produced by manipulations of thrombin (Thr) and protein kinase C (PKC) activity. An(More)
Electrical activity during early development affects the development and maintenance of synapses (Spitzer [2006]: Nature 4447:707-712), but the intercellular signals regulating maintenance of synapses are not well identified. At the neuromuscular junction, adenosine 5-triphosphate (ATP) is coreleased with acetylcholine at activated nerve terminals to(More)
We have used a three compartment tissue culture system that involved two separate populations of cholinergic neurons in the side compartments that converged on a common target population of myotubes in the center compartment. Activation of the axons from one population of neurons produced selective down-regulation of the synaptic inputs from the other(More)
PKC plays a critical role in competitive activity-dependent synapse modification at the neuromuscular synapse in vitro and in vivo. This action involves a reduction of the strength of inactive inputs to muscle cells that are activated by other inputs. A decrease of postsynaptic responsiveness and a loss of postsynaptic acetyl choline receptors account for(More)
The Hebb synapse, in which the strength of synapses is affected by activity in presynaptic and postsynaptic nerve cells, is a widely used model for developmental and learning-related neuroplasticity. Presynaptic and postsynaptic firing that is correlated in time is postulated to increase synaptic strength while activity in presynaptic and postsynaptic(More)
  • 1