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Genome-wide copy number analyses of human cancers identified a frequent 5p13 amplification in several solid tumour types, including lung (56%), ovarian (38%), breast (32%), prostate (37%) and melanoma (32%). Here, using integrative analysis of a genomic profile of the region, we identify a Golgi protein, GOLPH3, as a candidate targeted for amplification.(More)
The CUL4-DDB1-ROC1 ubiquitin E3 ligase regulates cell-cycle progression, replication and DNA damage response. However, the substrate-specific adaptors of this ligase remain uncharacterized. Here, we show that CUL4-DDB1 complexes interact with multiple WD40-repeat proteins (WDRs) including TLE1-3, WDR5, L2DTL (also known as CDT2) and the Polycomb-group(More)
The CUL4 (cullin 4) proteins are the core components of a new class of ubiquitin E3 ligases that regulate cell cycle, DNA replication and DNA damage response. To determine the composition of CUL4 ubiquitin E3 ligase complex, we used anti-CUL4 antibody affinity chromatography to isolate the proteins that associated with human CUL4 complexes and identified(More)
Luminescent nanomaterials can provide high-intensity and photostable luminescent signals when used as labeling materials for the determination of trace amounts of analytes. However, a major concern that has arisen is whether the nanomaterials cause toxic effects in living systems. Here, we address this problem through a systematic investigation of the(More)
Gadd45a, a p53- and BRCA1-regulated stress protein, has been implicated in the maintenance of genomic fidelity, probably through its roles in the control of cell cycle checkpoint and apoptosis. However, the mechanism(s) by which Gadd45a is involved in the induction of apoptosis remains unclear. We show here that inducible expression of Gadd45a protein(More)
The CUL4 (cullin 4) proteins are the core components of a new class of ubiquitin E3 ligases that regulate replication and transcription. To examine the roles of CUL4 in cell cycle regulation, we analyzed the effect of inactivation of CUL4 in both Drosophila and human cells. We found that loss of CUL4 in Drosophila cells causes G(1) cell cycle arrest and an(More)
To identify genes that are differentially expressed in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), we have developed a cDNA microarray representing 34 176 clones to analyse gene expression profiles in ESCC. A total of 77 genes (including 31 novel genes) were downregulated, and 15 genes (including one novel gene) were upregulated in cancer tissues(More)
The CUL4-ROC1 E3 ligase complex regulates genome stability, replication and cell cycle progression. A novel WD40 domain-containing protein, L2DTL/CDT2 and PCNA were identified as proteins associated with CUL4/DDB1 complexes. Inactivation of CUL4A, L2DTL, PCNA, DDB1 or ROC1 induced p53 stabilization and growth arrest. L2DTL, PCNA and DDB1/CUL4A complexes(More)
Epidemiological evidence strongly links fish oil, which is rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), with low incidences of several types of cancer. The inhibitory effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on cancer development and progression are supported by studies with cultured cells and animal models. Propofol(More)
The gene encoding lysyl oxidase (LOX) was identified as the ras recision gene (rrg), with the ability to revert Ras-mediated transformation of NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. Mutations in RAS genes have been found in approximately 25% of lung cancers and in 85% of pancreatic cancers. In microarray analysis, these cancers were found to display reduced LOX gene(More)