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Type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s), an innate source of the type 2 cytokines interleukin (IL)-5 and -13, participate in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Although type 2 immunity is critically important for mediating metabolic adaptations to environmental cold, the functions of ILC2s in beige or brown fat development are poorly defined. We report(More)
This article focuses on the study of the modeling and simulation of an intelligent transportation system that uses discrete event system specification (DEVS)/high-level architecture (HLA), which is the methodology of hierarchical modular modeling and distributed simulation. The authors performed distributed homogeneous traffic simulation by extending an(More)
Exposure to DNA-damaging agents can activate cell cycle checkpoint and DNA repair processes to ensure genetic integrity. Such exposures also can affect the transcription of many genes required for these processes. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, changes of global gene expression as a result of a DNA-damaging agent were previously identified(More)
In this work, we propose a novel parallel-pipeline traversal unit for hardware-based ray tracing, which can reduce latency and increase cache locality. Owing to the high memory bandwidth and computation requirements of ray-tracing operations such as traversal and intersection tests, recent studies have focused on the development of a hardware-based(More)
For placental mammals, the transition from the in utero maternal environment to postnatal life requires the activation of thermogenesis to maintain their core temperature. This is primarily accomplished by induction of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in brown and beige adipocytes, the principal sites for uncoupled respiration. Despite its importance, how(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare fluid thickeners composed of starch polysaccharide (STA), guar gum-based polysaccharide (GUA), and xanthan gum-based polysaccharide (XAN) with the use of a viscometer and a line spread test (LST) under various measurement conditions. METHODS The viscosity of thickened fluid with various concentrations (range, GUA 1%-4%, XAN 1%-6%, STA(More)