Type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s), an innate source of the type 2 cytokines interleukin (IL)-5 and -13, participate in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Although type 2 immunity is critically important for mediating metabolic adaptations to environmental cold, the functions of ILC2s in beige or brown fat development are poorly defined. We report… (More)
This article focuses on the study of the modeling and simulation of an intelligent transportation system that uses discrete event system specification (DEVS)/high-level architecture (HLA), which is the methodology of hierarchical modular modeling and distributed simulation. The authors performed distributed homogeneous traffic simulation by extending an… (More)
In this work, we propose a novel parallel-pipeline traversal unit for hardware-based ray tracing, which can reduce latency and increase cache locality. Owing to the high memory bandwidth and computation requirements of ray-tracing operations such as traversal and intersection tests, recent studies have focused on the development of a hardware-based… (More)
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OBJECTIVE To compare fluid thickeners composed of starch polysaccharide (STA), guar gum-based polysaccharide (GUA), and xanthan gum-based polysaccharide (XAN) with the use of a viscometer and a line spread test (LST) under various measurement conditions. METHODS The viscosity of thickened fluid with various concentrations (range, GUA 1%-4%, XAN 1%-6%, STA… (More)
A molecular design is presented for tailoring the energy levels in D-π-A organic dyes through fluorination of their acceptor units, which is aimed at achieving efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). This is achieved by exploiting the chemical structure of common D-π-A organic dyes and incorporating one or two fluorine atoms at the ortho-positions of… (More)
Current study of material management on construction site insists that the ratio of material handling costs to total project costs varies in 30 to 80% depends on the type of construction and the cost of materials . Site layout planning and material management are fundamental to reduce materials handling and re-handling costs and to enhance the efficiency… (More)