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A probabilistic password model assigns a probability value to each string. Such models are useful for research into understanding what makes users choose more (or less) secure passwords, and for constructing password strength meters and password cracking utilities. Guess number graphs generated from password models are a widely used method in password(More)
Loss of the de novo DNA methyltransferases Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b in embryonic stem cells obstructs differentiation; however, the role of these enzymes in somatic stem cells is largely unknown. Using conditional ablation, we show that Dnmt3a loss progressively impairs hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) differentiation over serial transplantation, while simultaneously(More)
Software Defined Networking (SDN) is an emerging networking paradigm that separates the network control plane from the data forwarding plane with the promise to dramatically improve network resource utilization, simplify network management, reduce operating cost, and promote innovation and evolution. Although traffic engineering techniques have been widely(More)
To investigate the cell-intrinsic aging mechanisms that erode the function of somatic stem cells during aging, we have conducted a comprehensive integrated genomic analysis of young and aged cells. We profiled the transcriptome, DNA methylome, and histone modifications of young and old murine hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Transcriptome analysis indicated(More)
Epigenetic regulation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) ensures lifelong production of blood and bone marrow. Recently, we reported that loss of de novo DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3a results in HSC expansion and impaired differentiation. Here, we report conditional inactivation of Dnmt3b in HSCs either alone or combined with Dnmt3a deletion. Combined loss(More)
Reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by overexpression of a defined set of transcription factors requires epigenetic changes in pluripotency genes. Nuclear reprogramming is an inefficient process and the molecular mechanisms that reset the epigenetic state during iPSC generation are largely unknown. Here, we show that(More)
To develop a rat model of type 2 diabetic mellitus that simulated the common manifestation of the metabolic abnormalities and resembled the natural history of a certain type 2 diabetes in human population, male Sprague-Dawley rats (4 months old) were injected with low-dose (15 mg/kg) STZ after high fat diet (30% of calories as fat) for two months(More)
Gains and losses in DNA methylation are prominent features of mammalian cell types. To gain insight into the mechanisms that promote shifts in DNA methylation and contribute to changes in cell fate, including malignant transformation, we performed genome-wide mapping of 5-methylcytosine and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in purified mouse hematopoietic stem cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence has shown that microRNAs function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in human malignancies, but the roles of microRNA (miR)-497 in human cervical cancer still remain unclear. Our aim was to analyze the clinicopathologic and prognostic significance of miR-497 in human cervical cancer and to investigate the effects of miR-497 on(More)
Secreted Frizzled-related proteins (sFRPs) have emerged as key regulators of a wide range of developmental and disease processes. Most of the known functions of mammalian sFRPs have been attributed to their ability to antagonize Wnt signalling. Recently however, Xenopus laevis and zebrafish sFRP, Sizzled, was shown to function as an antagonist of Chordin(More)