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Mutations in Parkin, an E3 ubiquitin ligase that regulates protein turnover, represent one of the major causes of familial Parkinson disease, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons and impaired mitochondrial functions. The underlying mechanism by which pathogenic Parkin mutations induce mitochondrial abnormality is(More)
The familial cylindromatosis tumor suppressor CYLD is known to contain three cytoskeleton-associated protein glycine-rich (CAP-Gly) domains, which exist in a number of microtubule-binding proteins and are responsible for their association with microtubules. However, it remains elusive whether CYLD interacts with microtubules and, if so, whether the(More)
A significant impediment to the success of cancer chemotherapy is multidrug resistance (MDR). A typical form of MDR is attributable to the overexpression of membrane transport proteins, such as P-glycoprotein, resulting in an increased drug efflux. In this study, we show that adenovirus-mediated enhancement of the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) reduces the(More)
Recurrence and metastasis result in a poor prognosis for breast cancer patients. Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play vital roles in the development and metastasis of breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic potential of miR-34a in breast cancer. We found that miR-34a is downregulated in breast cancer cell lines(More)
Thrombin and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors play important roles in vascular biology, development, and cancer. These receptors activate rho via G(12/13) family heterotrimeric G proteins, which are known to directly activate three distinct rho guanine nucleotide exchange factors (rhoGEFs) that contain a regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) domain(More)
Breast cancer is the most commonly malignancies in women. MicroRNAs are a family of small non-coding RNAs 18-25 nucleotides in length that post-transcriptionally modulate gene expression. MiR-26a has been reported as a tumor suppressor microRNA in breast cancer, which is attributed mainly to targeting of MTDH and EZH2, however, the expression profile and(More)
EM012, a semisynthetic phthalideisoquinoline alkaloid, has been recently found to target microtubules and possess anti-cancer activity. In this study, we evaluated the effects of EM012 in combination with the classic microtubule-targeting agent paclitaxel. Our results demonstrated that EM012 enhanced the anti-proliferative activity of nanomolar(More)
Molybdenum cofactor (Moco) biosynthesis is an evolutionarily conserved pathway in archaea, eubacteria, and eukaryotes, including humans. Genetic deficiencies of enzymes involved in this biosynthetic pathway trigger an autosomal recessive disease with severe neurological symptoms, which usually leads to death in early childhood. The MogA protein exhibits(More)
EB1 (end-binding protein 1) is a key player in the regulation of microtubule dynamics. In concert with its binding partners, adenomatous polyposis coli and p150(glued), EB1 plays a crucial role in a variety of microtubule-based cellular processes. In this study we have identified in a yeast two-hybrid screen the mitotic kinase and chromosome passenger(More)
Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins compose a highly diverse protein family best known for inhibition of G protein signaling by enhancing GTP hydrolysis by Galpha subunits. Little is known about the function of endogenous RGS proteins. In this study, we used synthetic ribozymes targeted to RGS2, RGS3, RGS5, and RGS7 to assess their function.(More)