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Genetic analyses in Caenorhabditis elegans demonstrate that sel-12 and hop-1, homologues of the Alzheimer's disease-associated presenilin genes, modify signaling through LIN-12 and GLP-1, homologues of the Notch cell surface receptor. To gain insight into the biochemical basis of this genetic interaction, we tested the possibility that presenilin-1 (PS1)(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been reported to reduce the risk and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC) by inhibiting the activity of cyclooxygenase (COX). The present studies were directed to determine whether selective COX-2 inhibition reduces CRC tumour cell proliferation and invasion/migration, and the possible cellular and(More)
Presenilin-1 (PS1), a polytopic membrane protein primarily localized to the endoplasmic reticulum, is required for efficient proteolysis of both Notch and beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) within their trans- membrane domains. The activity that cleaves APP (called gamma-secretase) has properties of an aspartyl protease, and mutation of either of the two(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to loss of function below the lesion and affects individuals worldwide. An increasing number of experimental studies support the effectiveness of melatonin (MT) for SCI. Our objectives were to investigate neurological recovery and anti-oxidant effects of MT in animal models of SCI, and to explore the appropriate dose.(More)
It has been recognized that people who live at higher latitudes and who are vitamin D deficient are at higher risk of dying from many common cancers including colon cancer. To evaluate the role of vitamin D deficiency on colon tumor growth, Balb/c adult male mice were fed either a vitamin D sufficient or vitamin D deficient diet for 10 weeks. Mice were(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate candidate fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) imaging biomarkers for head-and-neck chemoradiotherapy outcomes in the cooperative group trial setting. METHODS AND MATERIALS Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) protocol 0522 patients consenting to a secondary FDG-PET/CT substudy were(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the nonselective and relatively inexpensive nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen would be effective in inhibiting colorectal cancer and might improve mortality in a mouse model. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The effects of ibuprofen on tumor growth inhibition and animal survival have been examined in both mouse and human(More)
PURPOSE Placental growth factor (PlGF) is an angiogenic protein. Upregulation of PlGF has been observed in the clinic following antiangiogenic regimens targeting the VEGF pathway. PlGF has been proposed as a therapeutic target for oncology. sFLT01 is a novel fusion protein that neutralizes mouse and human PlGF (mPlGF, hPlGF) and mouse and human VEGF-A(More)
B7-H1 and B7-H3, two members of the B7 family that are thought to regulate T-cell activation, are expressed in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, their prognostic significance is poorly understood. In the present study we reported that B7-H1 and B7-H3 were expressed in 96/128 (72.7%) and 89/128 (69.5%) samples, respectively. B7-H1 and B7-H3(More)
Topoisomerase I (TopoI), an established anticancer target, is an enzyme producing a single-strand DNA break during transcription. Several noncamptothecin TopoI inhibitors have been identified. One of these, ARC-111, was compared with two clinically used camptothecins, topotecan and irinotecan/SN-38. In mouse and human bone marrow colony formation(More)