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In the Drosophila peripheral nervous system, proneural genes direct the formation of different types of sensory organs. Here, we show that amos is a novel proneural gene that promotes multiple dendritic (MD) neuron formation. amos encodes a basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein of the Atonal family. During embryonic development, amos is expressed in patches(More)
The TOR and Jak/STAT signal pathways are highly conserved from Drosophila to mammals, but it is unclear whether they interact during development. The proline-rich Akt substrate of 40 kDa (PRAS40) mediates the TOR signal pathway through regulation of TORC1 activity, but its functions in TORC1 proved in cultured cells are controversial. The Drosophila gene(More)
The Janus kinase (JAK) signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway is one of the main signaling pathways in eukaryotic cells. This pathway is used during diverse growth and developmental processes in multiple tissues to control cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, and apoptosis. In addition to its role during development, the(More)
Adult neurogenesis occurs in the subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus, and can be modulated by physiological and pathological events. We examined the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and the correlation between VEGF and the Raf/MEK/ERK cascade in neurogenesis after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The expression of VEGF and the(More)
Phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL) family is classified as class IVa of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP4A) that removes phosphate groups from phosphorylated tyrosine residues on proteins. PRL phosphatases have been implicated in a number of tumorigenesis and metastasis processes and are highly conserved. However, the understanding of PRL expression(More)
Disaster prevention and management is a complicated task that often involves a tremendous volume of heterogeneous data from various resources. With its dynamic and distributed nature, service technology appears to be a good candidate for removing the communication barriers between various organizations and for facilitating the integration and sharing of(More)
Pseudouridine (Ψ) synthases function in the formation of Ψ, the most abundant of the modified RNA residues. All Ψ synthases in E. coli are classified into one of five families according to their sequences. Among them, members of the RluA Ψ synthase family catalyze certain Ψ formations in ribosomal RNA. RluA family members are required for ribosomal assembly(More)
Axon guidance needs help from the glial cell system during embryogenesis. In the Drosophila embryonic central nervous system (CNS), longitudinal glia (LG) have been implicated in axon guidance but the mechanism remains unclear. We identified the protein encoded by the Drosophila gene unzipped (uzip) as a novel cell adhesion molecule (CAM). Uzip expressed in(More)
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