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Glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPx3) accounts for the major antioxidant activity in the plasma. Here, we demonstrate that down-regulation of GPx3 in the plasma of obese subjects is associated with adipose GPx3 dysregulation, resulting from the increase of inflammatory signals and oxidative stress. Although GPx3 was abundantly expressed in kidney, lung, and(More)
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus and in diabetic vascular complications. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), a class of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonists, improve insulin sensitivity and are currently used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the change in subfoveal choroidal thickness between active and quiescent phases of Behcet's posterior uveitis and compare this with the healthy population using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). METHODS Thirty eyes from 30 patients with Behcet's posterior uveitis (mean age, 47.03 ± 11.01 years) were(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) has been reported to possess hepatic toxicity. We investigated the hypothesis that BPA, below the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL), can induce hepatic damage and mitochondrial dysfunction by increasing oxidative stress in the liver. Two doses of BPA, 0.05 and 1.2 mg/kg body weight/day, were administered intraperitoneally for 5 days(More)
PURPOSE To compare the visual outcomes and occurrences of postoperative complications after 23-gauge (G) and 25-G microincision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS) for idiopathic epiretinal membrane in pseudophakic eyes. METHODS A total of 239 pseudophakic eyes of 239 patients who underwent 23-G (n = 159) or 25-G MIVS (n = 80) for removal of idiopathic epiretinal(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the correlation of choroidal thickness (CT) with ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) in young, healthy subjects using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). METHODS A single horizontal section and a single vertical section of EDI-OCT scans in each eye of 69 young, healthy subjects were obtained at the macula. CT(More)
BACKGROUND Sulfonylurea primarily stimulates insulin secretion by binding to its receptor on the pancreatic β-cells. Recent studies have suggested that sulfonylureas induce insulin sensitivity through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), one of the nuclear receptors. In this study, we investigated the effects of sulfonylurea on PPARγ(More)
BACKGROUND EGb761, a standardized Ginkgo biloba extract, has antioxidant and antiplatelet aggregation and thus might protect against atherosclerosis. However, molecular and functional properties of EGb761 and its major subcomponents have not been well characterized. We investigated the effect of EGb761 and its major subcomponents (bilobalide, kaemferol, and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate bone mineral density (BMD) profiles, osteoporosis prevalence and risk factors in a community-based cohort in Korea. METHODS The present study is a cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of 1,547 men and 1991 women aged 40 years and older with BMD measurements using central dual energy X-ray absorptiometry from a(More)
The ginsenoside Rg3 is known to have a protective effect against hyperglycemia, obesity and diabetes in vivo. In this study, we examined the effect of Rg3 on insulin signaling and glucose uptake in cultured L6 myotubes. Rg3 increased glucose uptake both in the basal and insulin-induced states of L6 myotubes. Consistent with the increase in glucose uptake,(More)