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Collaborate beamforming in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is a concept of using beamforming technology to establish link in the networks. It can effectively increase the transmission distance and improve the energy efficiency of the networks. Due to random deployment of the sensor nodes in the networks, proper assignment for the sensor nodes in wireless(More)
Traffic flow optimization within traffic networks has been approached through different kinds of methods. One of the methods is to reconfigure the traffic signal timing plan. However, dynamic characteristic of the traffic flow is not able to be resolved by the conventional traffic signal timing plan management. As a result, traffic congestion still remains(More)
Exothermic process is highly nonlinear and complex process. Large amount of heat will be released during the chemical reaction. As a result of the exothermic behaviour, the reaction may become unstable and consequently poses safety concern to the plant if the reactor temperature exceeds the cooling capacity. In the industrial point of view, heating is(More)
— The aim of this research is to control the reactor temperature of an exothermic batch process. During the process, large amount of heat will be released rapidly when the reactants are mixed together. The exothermic behaviour causes the reaction to become unstable and consequently poses safety concern to the plant personnel. In practice, heat is needed to(More)
This paper presents the particle swarm optimization based maximum power point tracking (MPPT) approach for maximizing output power of photovoltaic (PV) array under partially shaded conditions (PSC). During PSC, the P-V characteristic becomes more complex with multiple maximum power points (MPP). Most of the conventional MPPT approaches will be trapped at(More)
This paper aims optimise the exothermic batch productivity while minimise the waste production by manipulating the fluid temperature and fluid flow rate. During the process, a large amount of heat is released rapidly when the reactants are mixed together. The exothermic behaviour causes the reaction to become unstable and consequently poses safety concern(More)
South and Southeast Asian countries have undertaken demersal trawl surveys to measure the fisheries potential of their waters throughout the 20th century. However, ensuring full use of, and easy access to the resulting data is a challenge in developing countries. The " Fisheries Resource Information System and Tools " (FiRST) was developed through a(More)
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