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This study was performed to evaluate optic disc appearance, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, and macular thickness in normal, ocular hypertensive (OHT) and glaucomatous eyes using optical coherence tomography (OCT) 3000. One hundred fifty-eight eyes of 167 consecutive subjects were enrolled: 60 normal, 53 OHT, and 54 glaucomatous. OCT topographic(More)
The future of solid-state lighting relies on how the performance parameters will be improved further for developing high-brightness light-emitting diodes. Eventually, heat removal is becoming a crucial issue because the requirement of high brightness necessitates high-operating current densities that would trigger more joule heating. Here we demonstrate(More)
We report on the effect of embedded silica nanospheres on improving the performance of InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The silica nanospehres were coated on the selectively etched GaN using a spin-coating method. With the embedded silica nanospheres structures, we achieved a smaller reverse leakage current due to the selective defect(More)
Osmotic demyelination syndrome is a demyelinating disorder associated with rapid correction of hyponatremia. But, it rarely occurs in acute hypernatremia, and it leads to permanent neurologic symptoms and is associated with high mortality. A 44-year-old woman treated with alternative medicine was admitted with a history of drowsy mental status. Severe(More)
In this Letter, a light-emitting diode (LED) with prism-shaped-air-ring microstructures (PSAMs) formed on flat sapphire substrate is demonstrated as an alternative design to face-up LEDs on patterned sapphire substrate (PSS) for enhanced light extraction efficiency. In this LED design, the emitted photons can be deflected to the top of the chip for its(More)
We demonstrate that the use of silica nanospheres (SNs) with sizes close to the emission wavelength of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) can enhance the light output power and manipulate the far-field emission pattern. Near-ultraviolet (NUV)-LEDs grown on a patterned sapphire substrate embedded with 300 nm SNs show a three times higher light output power than(More)
A reduced graphene oxide (GO) layer was produced on undoped and n-type GaN, and its effect on the current- and heat-spreading properties of GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) was studied. The reduced GO inserted between metal electrode and GaN semiconductor acted as a conducting layer and enhanced lateral current flow in the device. Especially,(More)
Positive fluid balance is a risk factor for mortality in critically ill patients, especially those requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). However, the association between daily fluid balance and various organ impairments remains unclear. This study investigated the impacts of daily fluid balance prior to CRRT on organ dysfunction, as well as(More)
The effect of air-gap/GaN DBR structure, fabricated by selective lateral wet-etching, on InGaN light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is investigated. The air-gap/GaN DBR structures in LED acts as a light reflector, and thereby improve the light output power due to the redirection of light into escape cones on both front and back sides of the LED. At an injection(More)
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