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Deregulation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway such as by PTEN loss or PIK3CA mutation occurs frequently in human cancer and contributes to resistance to antitumor therapies. Inhibition of key signaling proteins in the pathway therefore represents a valuable targeting strategy for diverse cancers. PF-04691502 is an ATP-competitive(More)
The Aspergillus nidulans protein NIMA (never in mitosis, gene A) is a protein kinase required for the initiation of mitosis, whereas its inactivation is necessary for mitotic exit. Here, we demonstrate that human NIMA-related kinase 6 (Nek6) is required for mitotic progression of human cells. Nek6 is phosphorylated and activated during M phase. Inhibition(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in the orchestration of diverse cellular processes including differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis and are believed to play pivotal roles as oncogenes and tumor suppressors. miR-122, a liver specific miRNA, is significantly down-regulated in most hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) but its role in tumorigenesis(More)
Information from X-ray crystal structures were used to optimize the potency of a HTS hit in a Hsp90 competitive binding assay. A class of novel and potent small molecule Hsp90 inhibitors were thereby identified. Enantio-pure compounds 31 and 33 were potent in PGA-based competitive binding assay and inhibited proliferation of various human cancer cell lines(More)
Small-molecule inhibitors of Hsp90 show promise in the treatment of castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC); however, these inhibitors trigger a heat shock response that attenuates drug effectiveness. Attenuation is associated with increased expression of Hsp90, Hsp70, Hsp27, and clusterin (CLU) that mediate tumor cell survival and treatment resistance.(More)
Patients with triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) typically have a poor prognosis. TNBCs are characterized by their resistance to apoptosis, aggressive cellular proliferation, migration and invasion, and currently lack molecular markers and effective targeted therapy. Recently, miR-221/miR-222 have been shown to regulate ERα expression and ERα-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND Although prostate cancer responds initially to androgen ablation therapies, progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) frequently occurs. Heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 inhibition is a rational therapeutic strategy for CRPC that targets key proteins such as androgen receptor (AR) and protein kinase B (Akt); however, most Hsp90(More)
PURPOSE Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients have poor prognoses and survival outcomes such that the development of new targeted therapies is in strong demand. Mechanisms associated with high proliferation and aggressive tumor progression, such as PI3K/PTEN aberration, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression, and cell-cycle(More)
PURPOSE Prostate cancer responds initially to antiandrogen therapies; however, progression to castration-resistant disease frequently occurs. Therefore, there is an urgent need for novel therapeutic agents that can prevent the emergence of castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). HSP90 is a molecular chaperone involved in the stability of many client(More)
CREB pathway but not the NF-␬B pathway. Tax mutants that are defective in the NF-␬B pathway are also defective in cellular transformation (Yamaoka et al., 1996). The NF-␬B pathway is a key component of the cellular Harold Simmons Cancer Center response to a variety of extracellular stimuli including regulator of the cellular inflammatory and 1996). Many of(More)