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Previous studies have shown activation of cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) family is involved in the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) protection. However, the function of cyclic AMP response element modulator-1 (CREM-1), one member of the CREB family, is still with limited acquaintance. To investigate whether CREM-1 is involved in RGCs death,(More)
It has been shown that peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is beneficial for central nervous system injury. However its role on optic nerve injury remains unknown. In the present study, we examined the change of PPARγ expression in rat retina following optic nerve injury and investigated the effect of pioglitazone (Pio), a PPARγ(More)
Many epidemiologic studies have investigated the association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms and breast cancer risk, but the results were inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis of 31 studies on VDR polymorphisms, including FokI, BsmI, TaqI, and ApaI, and breast cancer risk published before May 2013. For FokI, the allele of f was(More)
A 26-year-old Asian woman presented with diplopia occurring at 1 week after conservative treatment for left temporal bone fracture and left temporo-occipital epidural hematoma (EDH). At presentation, right abducens nerve palsy was observed with esotropia and abduction limitation in the right eye. Six weeks later, the abducens nerve palsy fully recovered(More)
Müller cell reactivation (gliosis) is an early response in glaucomatous retina. Previous studies have demonstrated that activation of P2X7 receptors results in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) apoptosis. Here, the issues of whether and how activated Müller cells may contribute to RGC apoptosis through P2X7 receptors were investigated. Either intravitreal(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to investigate the potential signal mechanism of tissue factor (TF) in the regulation of the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in human retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells. METHODS An in vitro RPE cell chemical hypoxia model was established by adding cobalt chloride (CoCl2) in the(More)
P2X7 receptor (P2X7R), an ATP-gated ion channel, plays an important role in glaucomatous retinal ganglion cell (RGC) apoptotic death, in which activated retinal Müller glial cells may be involved by releasing ATP. In the present study, we investigated whether and how activated Müller cells may induce changes in P2X7R expression in RGCs by using(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical patterns in young Chinese patients (less than 40 years old) with laryngeal squamous cell cancer (LSCC) and the outcome of primary open surgery. METHODS Thirty-four young patients, with histologically confirmed LSCC between 1985 and 2005 at Qilu Hospital and Affiliated Hospital of Weifang(More)
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