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INTRODUCTION Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) participates in inflammation by cellular necrosis and the nuclear factor-kappa-B (NF-kappaB)-dependent transcription. The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of PARP in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in normal mice lung. METHODS Male C57BL/6 mice were divided into four groups: sham(More)
Neutrophils are considered to play a central role in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). However, the pulmonary consequences of neutrophil accumulation have not been fully elucidated. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) had been postulated to participate in neutrophil transmigration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of MMP-9 in the(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES The aims are to determine the prevalence of depression and examine its impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among older Korean patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). BACKGROUND Realising the effects of depression on HRQoL, many studies have reported the prevalence of depression and its negative(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare the feeling state guided imagery(FSGI) and end state guided imagery(ESGI) on stress and performance of an intramuscular injection of nursing students. METHOD The design was a time series with a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest study. Data was collected from the 23rd to the 25th of Nov. 2004. The(More)
PURPOSE This study examined the mediating effect of school nurses' self efficacy, which is one of the significant cognitive factors influencing cultural sensitivity, on the mutual relationships between multicultural attitude and cultural sensitivity in Korean elementary schools. METHODS A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was used. Participants(More)
PURPOSE This methodological study was conducted to develop and psychometrically test the Transcultural Self-efficacy scale (TCSEscale) for nurses. METHODS Initial 41 items for the TCSE-scale were generated based on extensive literature reviews and in-depth interviews with 18 nurses who had experience in caring for foreign patients. Cultural Competence and(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES The aim was to investigate the factors affecting the self-esteem and social competence of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. BACKGROUND Many studies have reported parenting variables such as parenting attitude and sense of competence have been suggested as significant determinants of socio-emotional development of(More)
PURPOSE This study was performed to identify current characteristics of the Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing and to explore a way to elevate it to an international level and to critique the overall review process so as to delineate the advanced, objective paper appraisal in this journal. METHODS Data was collected using self administered(More)
BACKGROUND Difficulty in sleep is one disturbing symptom in adolescents with atopic diseases including asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. Assuming psychological stress can affect adolescents' health status, impaired sleep quality can be one mediator that negatively impacts the health status of adolescents with atopic disease. OBJECTIVES(More)