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We report a case of lipoleiomyoma which arose in retroperitoneum and presented with progressively distended abdomen in a 56-yr-old woman. The tumor was well encapsulated and consisted of two components, benign smooth muscle cells and mature adipose tissue without any atypia. It is likely to be mistaken as extrarenal angiomyolipoma, well-differentiated(More)
Interstitial pulmonary emphysema is a well-documented complication of assisted mechanical ventilation in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Localized persistent interstitial pulmonary emphysema (LPIPE) confined to a single lobe was incidentally presented in a 4-day-old female infant. This patient was a normal full-term baby with no(More)
The evaluation of prognostic factors in infants with critical stenosis of the aortic valve and intact ventricular septum is often misleading due to a complex interaction among lesions in the mitral and aortic valves, and the left ventricular myocardium. The clinical parameters on the left ventricular function, such as ejection fraction and left ventricular(More)
provided the original work is properly cited. CC Central venous catheterization (CVC) is vital for anesthetic management in pediatric patients undergoing major surgery [1]. The internal jugular vein (IJV), subclavian vein (SCV), and femoral vein are the most commonly used sites for CVC. Unfortunately , the failure rate and incidence of complications are(More)
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