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The human cytomegalovirus UL18 gene product is a homolog of cellular major histocompatibility (MHC) class I antigens. UL18 has been proposed to protect virus-infected cells against natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity by engaging NK cell killer inhibitory receptors (KIR) for MHC class I. UL18 binds to a novel immunoglobulin superfamily glycoprotein,(More)
T lymphocytes are predisposed to recognition of foreign protein fragments bound to cell-surface molecules encoded by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). There is now compelling evidence that this specificity is a consequence of a selection process operating on developing T lymphocytes in the thymus. As a result of this positive selection, thymocytes(More)
Leukocyte Ig-like receptors (LIRs) are a newly discovered family of immunoreceptors expressed on monocytes and B cells and at lower levels on dendritic cells and NK cells. The amino acid sequences in the extracellular regions of eight of these receptors show between 63 and 84% identity to the prototypic LIR-1 sequence. LIRs contain either two or four Ig(More)
RNA-binding motif protein 4 (RBM4) plays a regulatory role in alternative splicing of precursor mRNA. We show here that cell stress such as arsenite exposure induces phosphorylation of RBM4 at serine 309 and also drives its cytoplasmic accumulation and targeting to stress granule via the MKK(3/6)-p38 signaling pathway. Accordingly, RBM4 suppresses(More)
The multicomponent exon junction complex (EJC) is deposited on the spliced mRNA during pre-mRNA splicing and is implicated in several post-splicing events, including mRNA export, nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), and translation control. This report is the first to identify potential post-translational modifications of the EJC core component Y14. We(More)
Telomerase is an RNA-protein complex responsible for extending one strand of the telomere terminal repeats. Analysis of the telomerase complex in budding yeasts has revealed the presence of one catalytic protein subunit (Est2p/TERT) and at least two noncatalytic components (Est1p and Est3p). The TERT subunit is essential for telomerase catalysis, while the(More)
The induction of an immune response in mammals is initiated by specifically reactive T lymphocytes. The specificity of the reaction is mediated by a complex receptor, part of which is highly variable in sequence and analogous to immunoglobulin heavy- and light-chain variable domains. The functional specificity of the T cell antigen receptor is, however,(More)
Leukocyte Ig-like receptor (LIR)-1 is a member of the Ig superfamily which has been shown to bind the human cytomegalovirus MHC class I homologue UL-18 protein. In this study, we have analyzed the expression and function of LIR-1 in human NK cells. We show that LIR-1 is expressed by a subset of NK cells variable in size among different donors. When compared(More)
Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines, HEP-G2, J5, and SK-HEP-1, which differ in their differentiation status, were compared for their trans-activating activities after treatment with cytokines or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). These cells were transfected with a long terminal repeat (LTR) which was derived from human immunodeficiency(More)