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Upon activation, microglia release proinflammatory mediators that play important roles in eliciting neuroinflammatory responses associated with neurodegenerative diseases. The anti-inflammatory properties of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) have been known, however, the effects responsible for lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation remain poorly understood(More)
Baicalein is one of the main bioactive flavonoids found in the roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. Here, we report that baicalein-induced growth inhibition was associated with the induction of apoptosis in human lung carcinoma A549 cells. Baicalein stimulated the expression of DR5, FasL, and FADD, and activated caspase-8 by reducing the levels of FLIPs(More)
Ganoderma lucidum, a well-known medicinal mushroom, is highly valued and commonly used in Oriental medicine. Although recent experimental data has revealed the proapoptotic potency of G. lucidum extracts, the underlying mechanisms of this apoptotic activity have not yet been studied in detail. In the present study, the effects of ethanol extracts of G.(More)
Chronic microglial activation endangers neuronal survival through release of various toxic pro-inflammatory molecules; therefore, negative regulators of microglial activation have been identified as potential therapeutic candidates for use in treatment of many neurological diseases. In this study, we conducted an investigation of the inhibitory effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Schisandrae Fructus, the dried fruit of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. (Magnoliaceae), is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of a number of chronic inflammatory diseases. This study examined the anti-inflammatory effects of Schisandrae Fructus ethanol extract (SF) on the production of pro-inflammatory substances in(More)
The Korean prostrate spurge Euphorbia supina (Euphorbiaceae family) has been used as a folk medicine in Korea against a variety of ailments such as bronchitis, hemorrhage, jaundice and multiple gastrointestinal diseases. Polyphenols from Korean E. supina (PES) which include quercetin and kaempferol derivatives have anticancer properties. Hence, we(More)
Purpose: To investigate the anti-cancer effect of methyl alcohol extract of Enteromorpha linza (Linnaeus) J. Agardh (MEEL) in U937 human leukemia cells. Methods: Cytotoxicity was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptosis was detected using 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining, agarose gel(More)
Sarijang is a bamboo salt soy sauce, containing extracts of Rhynchosia nulubilis, sulfur-fed duck, dried bark of Ulmus davidiana and Allium sativum, which has been demonstrated to exert anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of action of sarijang have not yet been elucidated. In the present study, we(More)
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