Learn More
Afferent stimulation of pyramidal cells in the basolateral amygdala produced mixed excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) mediated by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA glutamate receptors during whole cell current-clamp recordings. In the presence of GABA(A) receptor blockade, the mixed EPSPs recruited a large "all-or-none" depolarizing event.(More)
Although the sesame lignans, sesaminol and sesamolinol, have been shown to possess antioxidative activity, less is known about the metabolism and antioxidative properties of sesamolin, a major constituent of sesame oil. To determine the ability of sesamolin to act as an antioxidant in vivo, we fed rats a diet containing 1% sesamolin for 2 wk and studied its(More)
Plant glucosides possess antioxidative properties due to their ability to scavenge free radicals. Sesame seeds contain a class of these compounds, the sesaminol glucosides. To evaluate their antioxidative activity in vivo, we fed rabbits diets containing 1% cholesterol (Chol) with or without 10% defatted sesame flour (DSF) (containing 1% sesaminol(More)
We investigated the pharmacokinetic characteristics of 11-hydroxyaclacinomycin X (ID-6105), a novel anthracycline, after intravenous (i.v.) bolus administration in rats and beagle dogs. We developed an HPLC-based method to analyze ID-6105 levels in plasma, bile, urine, feces, and tissue homogenates and validated the method in a pharmacokinetic study. The(More)
We investigated the pharmacokinetics of 11-hydroxyaclacinomycin X (ID-6105), a novel anthracycline, after intravenous (i.v.) bolus administration at a multiple dose every 24 h for 5 days in rats. To analyze ID-6105 levels in biological samples, we used an HPLC-based method which was validated in a pharmacokinetic study by suitable criteria. The(More)
(1R,9S)-beta-Hydrastine in lower concentrations of 10-50 microM inhibits dopamine biosynthesis in PC12 cells. In this study, the effects of (1R,9S)-beta-hydrastine on L-DOPA (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine)-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells were investigated. (1R,9S)-Hydrastine at concentrations up to 250 microM did not reduce cell viability. However, at(More)
Tetrahydropapaveroline (THP) is formed in Parkinsonian patients receiving L-DOPA therapy and is detected in the plasma and urine of these patients. In this study, we have investigated the effects of THP on L-DOPA-induced neurotoxicity in cultured rat adrenal pheochromocytoma, PC12 cells. Exposure of PC12 cells up to 10 microM THP or 20 microM L-DOPA after(More)
We investigated the antioxidant properties of sesaminol, a major component of sesame oil, on the oxidative modification of human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in vitro. Sesaminol inhibited the Cu2+-induced lipid peroxidation in LDL in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 36.0 +/- 10.0 nM. Sesaminol was a more effective scavenger than either(More)
The inhibitory effects of (1R,9S)- and (1S,9R)-enantiomers of beta-hydrastine (BHS) on dopamine biosynthesis in PC12 cells were investigated. (1R,9S)-BHS decreased the intracellular dopamine content with the IC50 value of 14.3 microM at 24 h, but (1S,9R)-BHS did not. (1R,9S)-BHS was not cytotoxic at concentrations up to 250 microM towards PC12 cells. In(More)
The inhibitory effects of tributyltin chloride (TBTC) on dopamine biosynthesis in PC12 cells were investigated. Twenty-four hour exposure to TBTC at 0.5 microM showed 32.9% inhibition of dopamine content: the IC(50) value of TBTC was 0.72 microM. Dopamine content decreased at 6 h and reached a minimal level at 24 h after exposure to TBTC at 0.5 microM. The(More)