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Due to the special characteristics (limited battery power, limited computing capability, low bandwidth, need to collect sensor data from multiple fixed-location source nodes to a sink node that may be mobile, etc.) of wireless sensor networks, routing algorithms designed for general mobile ad hoc networks may not be directly applicable to wireless sensor(More)
This paper presents empirical study detailing software maintenance for Web-based Java applications to aid in understanding and predicting the software maintenance category and effort. The specific application described is a Java Web-based administrative application in the e-Government arena. The application is based on the design of an open source(More)
Even without possible interference from external radio sources, the problem of guaranteeing quality-of-service (QoS) routing in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) is a difficult problem. Difficulties arise because node mobility can cause frequent network topology changes, communication channels can have high error rates, the jitter rate is high and several(More)
BACKGROUND The concept that asthma diagnosis based on allergen-specific IgE levels in serum is more accurate than diagnosis based on skin test reactivity is controversial. OBJECTIVE To determine the atopy parameter that correlates most closely with airway reactivity to house dust mites in asthma. METHODS Forty-three asthma cases were examined(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to explore whether the FOXP3 -3279 A/C polymorphism and (GT)n microsatellite polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. METHODS A meta-analysis was conducted on the associations between the FOXP3 -3279 A/C polymorphism and (GT)15 and (GT)16 polymorphisms and autoimmune diseases. RESULTS(More)
Although the clinical presentation of myocarditis is very diverse, ranging from mild dyspnea to hemodynamic collapse, myocarditis accompanied with extracardiac myositis is extremely rare. We report a single case of fulminant myocarditis associated with orbital myositis and diaphragmatic paralysis in a 40-year-old man, which was successfully managed by(More)
Many interesting applications using mobile ad-hoc networks are possible if quality-of-service (QoS) can be effectively supported. Towards that end, this paper proposes a method based on providing a pool of backup paths that can be used if the primary path can no longer support the required level of QoS. Such a capability is especially important for mobile(More)