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Brassinosteroid and gibberellin promote many similar developmental responses in plants; however, their relationship remains unclear. Here we show that BR and GA act interdependently through a direct interaction between the BR-activated BZR1 and GA-inactivated DELLA transcription regulators. GA promotion of cell elongation required BR signalling, whereas BR(More)
Spatiotemporal control of the formation of organ primordia and organ boundaries from the stem cell niche in the shoot apical meristem (SAM) determines the patterning and architecture of plants, but the underlying signaling mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we show that brassinosteroids (BRs) play a key role in organ boundary formation by repressing(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether miR-214 is regulated in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and whether placental growth factor (PLGF) is a possible target for miR-214 in atherosclerosis. METHODS Circulating miR-214 was measured by quantitative PCR using RNA isolated from 40 patients with CAD, including 12 with stable angina pectoris, 16 with unstable(More)
OBJECTIVE Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and vascular adventitial fibroblasts (AFs) are involved in diabetes-related vascular complications. However, the effect of AGEs on AFs remains unclear. The aim of this study was to observe the impact of AGEs on cell migration capacity and associated inflammatory responses of AFs. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play key roles in pathogenesis of diabetes-related vascular complications. AGEs can induce dysfunction in EPCs. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) agonists are widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, and it remains(More)
Polylactide (PLA) electrospun fibers have been reported as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering application, however, the great hydrophobicity limits its broad application. In this study, the hybrid amphiphilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)/hydrophobic PLA fibrous scaffolds exhibited improved morphology with regular and continuous fibers compared to(More)
A phase-sensitive optical time-domain reflectometry (Φ-OTDR) with 175 km sensing range and 25 m spatial resolution is demonstrated, using the combination of co-pumping second-order Raman amplification based on random fiber lasing, counter-pumping first-order Raman amplification, and counter-pumping Brillouin amplification. With elaborate arrangements, each(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to investigate the value of standardized uptake values (SUVs) and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) in (18)F-FDG PET/CT to predict the survival of patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer during the early stage of concurrent chemoradiotherapy. METHODS A total of 53 patients were included in the prospective(More)
A pharmacogenetic mouse model was utilized to determine the role of Cyp1a1 expression on the formation of Ki-ras mutations in lung tumors following transplacental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). A backcross between Ah responsive male B6D2F1 mice and nonresponsive female DBA mice resulted in a litter in which both responsive and(More)
Japanese encephalitis (JE) can infect many agriculturally important animals and humans, and has a high incidence in Asia. One of the natural hosts of the mosquito-borne JE virus (JEV) is domestic pigs, which act as amplifier hosts. Porcine infection results in fatal encephalitis, abortion, and stillbirth in pregnant sows, and hypospermia in boars. In this(More)