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To meet the needs of wireless broadband access, the IEEE 802.16 protocol for wireless metropolitan networks (WirelessMAN) has been recently standardized. The medium access control (MAC) layer of the IEEE 802.16 has point-to-multipoint (PMP) mode and mesh mode. Previous works on the IEEE 802.16 have primarily focused on the PMP mode. In the mesh mode, all(More)
Auxin-binding protein 1 (ABP1) was discovered nearly 40 years ago and was shown to be essential for plant development and morphogenesis, but its mode of action remains unclear. Here, we report that the plasma membrane-localized transmembrane kinase (TMK) receptor-like kinases interact with ABP1 and transduce auxin signal to activate plasma(More)
The IEEE 802.16 standard, also known as WiMax, provides a mechanism for deploying high-speed wireless mesh network in metropolitan areas. In this paper, we propose an algorithm for the data sub-channel allocation, i.e., transmission scheduling, of WiMax based mesh networks. The goal is to increase spatial reuse, achieve high system throughput, and provide(More)
As the economies of developing countries grow, and the purchasing power of their inhabitants increases, the pressure on the environment and natural resources will continue to increase. In the specific case of China, impressive economic growth during the last decades exemplifies this process. Specifically, we focus on how changing economic dynamics are(More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (S. suis 2, SS2) has evolved into a highly infectious entity, which caused the two recent large-scale outbreaks of human SS2 epidemic in China, and is characterized by a toxic shock-like syndrome. However, the molecular pathogenesis of this new emerging pathogen is still poorly understood. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Tree species diversity of four tropical forest vegetation types was investigated in Xishuangbanna, southwestern China. These are: tropical seasonal rain forest, tropical montane rain forest, evergreen broad-leaved forest and monsoon forest over limestone. A total of 17 samples were taken and four species diversity indices were calculated: Shannon-Wiener's(More)
We examined plants growing in four tropical vegetation types (primary forest, secondary forest, limestone forest and a slash and burn field) in Xishuangbanna, southwest China for mycorrhizal associations. Of the 103 plant species examined (belonging to 47 families), 81 had arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) associations, while three species possessed orchid(More)
Biodegradable nanoparticles made of poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) copolymer were characterized for enhanced delivery of antigens to murine bone marrow derived dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro. PLGA nanoparticles were efficiently phagocytosed by the DCs (CD11c+, MHC class II+, CD86+) in culture, resulting in their intracellular localization.(More)