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To meet the needs of wireless broadband access, the IEEE 802.16 protocol for wireless metropolitan networks (WirelessMAN) has been recently standardized. The medium access control (MAC) layer of the IEEE 802.16 has point-to-multipoint (PMP) mode and mesh mode. Previous works on the IEEE 802.16 have primarily focused on the PMP mode. In the mesh mode, all(More)
The IEEE 802.16 standard, also known as WiMax, provides a mechanism for deploying high-speed wireless mesh network in metropolitan areas. In this paper, we propose an algorithm for the data sub-channel allocation, i.e., transmission scheduling, of WiMax based mesh networks. The goal is to increase spatial reuse, achieve high system throughput, and provide(More)
Auxin-binding protein 1 (ABP1) was discovered nearly 40 years ago and was shown to be essential for plant development and morphogenesis, but its mode of action remains unclear. Here, we report that the plasma membrane-localized transmembrane kinase (TMK) receptor-like kinases interact with ABP1 and transduce auxin signal to activate plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Pyropia haitanensis and P. yezoensis are two economically important marine crops that are also considered to be research models to study the physiological ecology of intertidal seaweed communities, evolutionary biology of plastids, and the origins of sexual reproduction. This plastid genome information will facilitate study of breeding,(More)
Although systemic bone loss accompanying estrogen deficiency has been proposed as a risk factor for periodontal disease in post-menopausal women, the mechanisms involved remain unclear. The objective of this study was to elucidate the potential bone-sparing effect of estrogen (17beta-estradiol, E(2)) via modulation of inflammatory cytokine production in(More)
The rapid disruption of tropical forests probably imperils global biodiversity more than any other contemporary phenomenon. With deforestation advancing quickly, protected areas are increasingly becoming final refuges for threatened species and natural ecosystem processes. However, many protected areas in the tropics are themselves vulnerable to human(More)
Bacillus subtilis encodes seven extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factors. The sigma(W) regulon includes functions involved in detoxification and protection against antimicrobials, whereas sigma(M) is essential for growth at high salt concentrations. We now report that antibiotics that inhibit cell wall biosynthesis induce both sigma(W) and sigma(M)(More)
Multiple cellular, molecular, and biochemical changes contribute to the etiology and treatment outcome of contusion spinal cord injury (SCI). Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been found following SCI in recent studies. However, little is known about the functional significance of the unique role of miRNAs in SCI. We analyzed the miRNA expression(More)