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The molecular basis for induction of apoptosis in melanoma cells by vincristine remains unknown. Here we tested the potential involvement of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in this process. We found for the first time that vincristine induces AMPK activation (AMPKα, Thr 172) and Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC, Ser 79) (a downstream molecular target of(More)
Despite its potent antitumor effect, clinical use of Doxorubicin is limited because of serious side effects including myocardial toxicity. Understanding the cellular mechanism involved in this process in a better manner is beneficial for optimizing Doxorubicin treatment. In the current study, the authors focus on the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in(More)
Here we report that activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) mediates plumbagin-induced apoptosis and growth inhibition in both primary cultured human colon cancer cells and cell lines. Knocking-down of AMPKα by the target shRNA significantly inhibits plumbagin-induced cytotoxicity in cultured colon cancer cells, while forced activation of AMPK by(More)
Our study shows that coadministration of curcumin and an orally bioactive alkylphospholipid perifosine results in a significant increase in colorectal cancer cell apoptosis and a marked inhibition of cell growth both in vitro and in vivo. This novel combinatorial regimen leads to changes of multiple cell signaling pathways including inactivation of Akt and(More)
Previous epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between the ABCB1 polymorphism and the risk of breast cancer with conflicting results. Hence, we conducted a meta-analysis of the ABCB1 gene and risk of breast cancer to obtain the most reliable estimate of the association. PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched. A total of(More)
The earlier studies have shown that Fascin1 (FSCN1), the actin bundling protein, is over-expressed in colorectal cancers, and is associated with cancer cell progression. Here, we aimed to understand the molecular mechanisms regulating FSCN1 expression by focusing on mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling and its regulator microRNA-451. We found that(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have yielded inconclusive results regarding the relationship between anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 expression and the sensitivity to chemotherapy in the patients with breast cancer. The purpose of the current study was therefore to elaborate their relationship. METHODS, FINDINGS A total of 23 previously published eligible(More)