Mimoza Ibrani

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Exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields has raised scientific and public concern regarding possible adverse effects to people exposed to such radiation. At cellular mobile communication frequencies, the most important parameter used to assess human exposure to electromagnetic fields is SAR (Specific Absorption Rate). This paper will firstly(More)
Determination of exposure levels is considered as one of the parameters of planning and optimization of green cellular networks. While moving towards 5G technology and standardization, the results of comparative exposure levels induced by 2G, 3G and 4G networks are of interest. We present the results of in-situ determination of downlink signal levels(More)
We performed a frequency-selective measurement campaign using personal exposure meters with a three-axis E-field probe to assess the electric field strength and power density of wireless communication systems and broadcast transmitters in Kosovo. Mean exposure levels were compared among different microenvironments—outdoor urban, living room, office and(More)
Theoretical, software-computed and experimental evaluations of the exposure levels to electromagnetic fields generated by GSM 900, GSM 1800 and 3G base stations in urban areas, including determination of the minimum safe distances for population and occupational exposure, are presented. Using the software package SPECTRAemc with the P.1546 propagation wave(More)
Daily exposure, both indoor and outdoor, of younger generations to microwave electromagnetic fields is being followed with the raised concerns regarding possible biological and health effects induced as a result of exposure. Therefore there are many published scientific papers, ongoing research projects and awarness raising campaigns aiming to inform(More)
The ever-growing usage of new information and communication technology devices by different age groups is followed with public concerns of exposure induced biological effects. The aim of this paper is to assess and compare personal exposure levels to electromagnetic fields of wireless communications for different age groups, including children, under the(More)
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