Miluse Vozdova

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BACKGROUND The swim-up and hyaluronan (HA)-binding methods are used for the selection of good quality spermatozoa to improve pregnancy rates and embryo quality and to reduce the number of miscarriages after IVF. We evaluated whether the processing of sperm by these methods reduces the frequency of spermatozoa with abnormal karyotypes and altered chromatin(More)
To examine interindividual differences in sperm chromosome aneuploidy, repeated semen specimens were obtained from a group of ten healthy men, aged 20-21 at the start of the study, and analyzed by multi-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis to determine the frequencies of sperm aneuploidy for chromosomes X, Y, 8, 18 and 21 and of(More)
The karyotypic evolution in the family Bovidae is based on centric fusions of ancestral acrocentric chromosomes. Here, the frequency and distribution of meiotic recombination was analyzed in pachytene spermatocytes from Bos taurus (2n = 60) and 3 wildebeest species (Connochaetes gnou, C. taurinus taurinus and C. t. albojubatus) (2n = 58) using(More)
Genotoxic effects of occupational exposure to cytostatics were investigated in 20 nurses and physicians working in various departments of one hospital. The group was divided into two equal subgroups one of which was involved in the administration of cytostatics (exposed subgroup) and the other was not (unexposed subgroup). The whole group and the two(More)
To analyse relationships between semen parameters, sperm chromatin integrity and frequencies of chromosomally unbalanced, disomic and diploid sperm in 13 Robertsonian and 37 reciprocal translocation carriers and to compare the results with data from 10 control donors. Conventional semen analysis, Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay and FISH with probes for(More)
Repeated semen specimens from healthy men were analyzed by sperm fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), to identify men who consistently produced elevated frequencies of aneuploid sperm and to determine whether men who were identified as stable variants of sperm aneuploidy also exhibited higher frequencies of aneuploidy in their peripheral blood(More)
We identified a small, paternally inherited, supernumerary marker chromosome, inv dup(15), in a phenotypically normal and normozoospermic male from a couple with reproductive problems. Sperm analysis by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) showed that the marker was present in 26% of sperm nuclei. The disomy 15 was 10 times higher than in normal(More)
River buffalo, sheep, and goat spermatozoa were cross-hybridized using double color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with bovine Xcen- and Y-chromosome painting probes, prepared by DOP-PCR of laser-microdissected-catapulted chromosomes, to investigate the possibility of using bovine probes for sexing sperm of other members of the family Bovidae.(More)
The objective of this research was to develop chromosome-specific probes for use in evaluating aneuploidy in boar spermatozoa through the application of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technology. A multicolor FISH method was developed to detect aneuploidy in the sperm of boars using DNA probes specific for small regions of chromosomes 1, 10, and(More)
The Robertsonian translocation rob(1;29), connected with reduced fertility, is widespread in different cattle breeds all over the world. After laser microdissection, DOP-PCR, cloning and sequencing, a highly sensitive translocation-specific DNA probe, suitable for detection of rob(1;29) in cattle metaphase and interphase cells, including spermatozoa was(More)